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The term \mythology\ can refer either to the study of myths, or to a body or collection of myths (a mythos, e.g. , Inca mythology). In folkloristics, a myth is a sacred narrative usually explaining how the world or humankind came to be in its present form, although, in a very broad sense, the word can refer to any traditional story. Bruce Lincoln defines myth as \ideology in narrative form\. Myths typically involve supernatural characters and are endorsed by rulers or priests. They may arise as either truthful depictions or overelaborated accounts of historical events, as allegory for or personification of natural phenomena, or as an explanation of ritual. They are transmitted to convey religious or idealized experience, to establish behavioral models, and to teach. Early rival classifications of Greek mythos by Euhemerus, Plato's Phaedrus, and Sallustius were developed by the neoplatonists and revived by Renaissance mythographers as in the Theologia mythologica (1532). Nineteenth-century comparative mythology reinterpreted myth as evolution toward science, \disease of language\, or misinterpretation of magical ritual. Later interpretations rejected opposition between myth and science, such as Jungian archetypes, Joseph Campbell's \metaphor of spiritual potentiality\, or L\u00E9vi-Strauss's fixed mental architecture. Tension between Campbell's comparative search for monomyth or Ur-myth and anthropological mythologists' skepticism of universal origin has marked the 20th century. Further, modern mythopoeia such as fantasy novels, manga, and urban legend, with many competing artificial mythoi acknowledged as fiction, supports the idea of myth as ongoing social practice.

Mythology Top Facts

Greek mythology
Greek mythology is the body of myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. They were a part of religion in ancient Greece and are part of religion in modern Greece and around the world as Hellenismos.
Greek mythologyCreation mythsGreek mythology

For other uses, see Myth (disambiguation), Mythology (disambiguation), and Mythos (disambiguation). The term "mythology" can refer either to the study of myths, or to a body or collection of myths (a mythos, e.g. , Inca mythology). In folkloristics, a myth is a sacred narrative usually explaining how the world or humankind came to be in its present form, although, in a very broad sense, the word can refer to any traditional story.
MythologyMythologySpiritualityGreek loanwordsTraditionsCultural anthropologyAnthropology of religion

Norse mythology
Norse mythology, a subset of Germanic mythology, is the overall term for the myths, legends and beliefs about supernatural beings of Norse pagans. It flourished prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia, during the Early Middle Ages, and passed into Nordic folklore, with some aspects surviving to the modern day. The mythology from the Romanticist Viking revival came to be an influence on modern literature and popular culture.
Norse mythologyVikingsNorse mythology

Heracles, born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus. He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae (Ἡρακλεῖδαι) and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.
HeraclesLabours of HerculesGreek culture heroesMonomythsGreek godsHeroes who ventured to HadesOracular godsSavior godsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyArgonautsHeraclesDemigods of Classical mythologyOffspring of Zeus

Poseidon is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology. His main domain is the ocean, and he is called the "God of the Sea". Additionally, he is referred to as "Earth-Shaker" due to his role in causing earthquakes, and has been called the "tamer of horses". The name of the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan was adopted in Latin for Neptune in Roman mythology; both were sea gods analogous to Poseidon.
PoseidonDeities in the IliadGreek godsSea and river godsGreek mythologyAnimal godsTwelve OlympiansGreek sea godsPoseidonEarth gods

The Muses in Greek mythology, poetry, and literature, are the goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science and the arts. They were considered the source of the knowledge, related orally for centuries in the ancient culture that was contained in poetic lyrics and myths.
MuseGreek goddessesGreek legendary creaturesGreek mythologyMuseologyMusesArts goddessesOffspring of Zeus

Jupiter (mythology)
In ancient Roman religion and myth, Jupiter or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion throughout the Republican and Imperial eras, until the Empire came under Christian rule. In Roman mythology, he negotiates with Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, to establish principles of Roman religion such as sacrifice. Jupiter is usually thought to have originated as a sky god.
Jupiter (mythology)Mythological kingsJustice godsSky and weather godsJupiter in mythologyDeities in the AeneidRoman godsThunder gods

Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Her Roman equivalent is Diana. Some scholars believe that the name and indeed the goddess herself was originally pre-Greek. Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron: "Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals". The Arcadians believed she was the daughter of Demeter. In the classical period of Greek mythology, Artemis was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo.
ArtemisChildhood goddessesDeities in the IliadGreek goddessesNature goddessesMythological Greek archersGreek mythologyTwelve OlympiansAnimal goddessesHunting goddessesArtemisLunar goddessesVirgin goddessesOffspring of Zeus

For other meanings, see Purana (disambiguation). The Puranas are a genre of important Hindu, Jain and Buddhist religious texts, notably consisting of narratives of the history of the universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology, philosophy, and geography. Puranas usually give prominence to a particular deity, employing an abundance of religious and philosophical concepts.
PuranasSanskrit words and phrasesPuranasHindu textsChronicles

Story arc
A story arc is an extended or continuing storyline in episodic storytelling media such as television, comic books, comic strips, boardgames, video games, and in some cases, films. On a television program, for example, the story would unfold over many episodes. In television, the use of the story arc is much more common in dramas than in comedies, especially in soap operas.
Story arcNarratologyScreenwritingFictionTelevision terminologyArticle Feedback 5Continuity (fiction)Plot (narrative)

Raven is the common name given to several larger-bodied members of the genus Corvus—but in Europe and North America the Common Raven is normally implied. They have black plumage and large beaks.

Hades was the ancient Greek god of the underworld. The genitive ᾍδου, Haidou, was an elision to denote locality: "[the house/dominion] of Hades". Eventually, the nominative came to designate the abode of the dead. In Greek mythology, Hades is the oldest male child of Cronus and Rhea.
HadesLocations in Greek mythologyChthonicDeities in the IliadGreek godsGreek mythologyHadesUnderworld godsHellGreek death gods

Irish mythology
The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland did not entirely survive the conversion to Christianity, but much of it was preserved, shorn of its religious meanings, in medieval Irish literature, which represents the most extensive and best preserved of all the branch and the Historical Cycle. There are also a number of extant mythological texts that do not fit into any of the cycles.
Irish mythologyIrish mythologyCeltic mythology

Creation myth
A creation myth is a symbolic narrative of how the world began and how people first came to inhabit it. They develop in oral traditions and therefore typically have multiple versions; and they are the most common form of myth, found throughout human culture. In the society in which it is told, a creation myth is usually regarded as conveying profound truths, metaphorically, symbolically and sometimes even in a historical or literal sense.
Creation mythComparative mythologyCreation mythsMythological cosmologies

A nymph in Greek mythology is a minor female nature deity typically associated with a particular location or landform. Different from gods, nymphs are generally regarded as divine spirits who animate nature, and are usually depicted as beautiful, young nubile maidens who love to dance and sing; their amorous freedom sets them apart from the restricted and chaste wives and daughters of the Greek polis.
NymphMythic humanoidsGreek legendary creaturesClassical elementsWater spiritsMusesNymphs

Eschatology Listen/ˌɛskəˈtɒlədʒi/ (from the Greek ἔσχατος/ἐσχάτη/ἔσχατον, eschatos/eschatē/eschaton meaning "last" and -logy meaning "the study of", first used in English around 1550) is a part of theology, philosophy, and futurology concerned with what are believed to be the final events of history, the ultimate destiny of humanity—commonly referred to as the end of the world or the "World to Come.
EschatologyMythologyGreek loanwordsMythemesProphecyTheologyEschatology

Phoenix (mythology)
The phoenix, or phenix, is a mythical sacred firebird that can be found in the mythologies of the Arabian, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese, Indians and Phoenicians. It is described as a bird with a colorful plumage and a tail of gold and scarlet .
Phoenix (mythology)Masonic symbolismGreek legendary creaturesNational symbols of GreecePersian legendary creaturesLegendary birdsEuropean legendary creaturesPhoenician mythology

Hindu mythology
Hindu theology is the large body of traditional narratives related to Hinduism, notably as contained in Sanskrit literature, such as the Sanskrit epics and the Puranas. As such, it is a subset of Nepali and Indian culture.
Hindu mythologyHinduismHindu theology

Haitian Vodou
Vodou is a syncretic religion practiced chiefly in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora. Practitioners are called "vodouists" or "servants of the spirits". Vodouists believe in a distant and unknowable creator god, Bondyè. As Bondyè does not intercede in human affairs, vodouists direct their worship toward spirits subservient to Bondyè, called lwa.
Haitian VodouChristian interfaith and secular relationsVodouAfro-American religion

Dwarf (Germanic mythology)
In Germanic mythology, a dwarf is a being that dwells in mountains and in the earth, and is associated with wisdom, smithing, mining, and crafting. Dwarves are also sometimes described as short and ugly, although some scholars have questioned whether this is a later development stemming from comical portrayals of the beings.
Dwarf (Germanic mythology)Dwarves (mythology)Mythic humanoidsScandinavian folkloreGermanic mythologyGermanic legendary creaturesEnglish legendary creatures

The Amazons are a nation of all-female warriors in Greek mythology and Classical antiquity. Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor, or Libya. Notable queens of the Amazons are Penthesilea, who participated in the Trojan War, and her sister Hippolyta, whose magical girdle, given to her by her father Ares, was the object of one of the labours of Hercules.
AmazonsArchaeologyMatriarchyMythological peoplesGreek mythological hero cultSingle sex societiesGreek mythological Amazons

Mars (mythology)
Mars was the Roman god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome. He was second in importance only to Jupiter, and he was the most prominent of the military gods worshipped by the Roman legions. His festivals were held in March, the month named for him, and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
Mars (mythology)TutelaryWar godsAgricultural godsAnimal godsAresDeities in the AeneidRoman gods

Abrahamic religions
Abrahamic religions (also Abrahamism) are the monotheistic faiths emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with him. They are one of the three major divisions in comparative religion, along with Indian religions (Dharmic) and East Asian religions (Taoic).
Abrahamic religionsAbrahamic religionsMonotheismMonotheistic religionsReligious comparison

Titan (mythology)
In Greek mythology, the Titans were a race of powerful deities, descendants of Gaia and Uranus, that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. In the first generation of twelve Titans, the males were Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus, Cronus, Crius and Iapetus and the females were Mnemosyne, Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis.
Titan (mythology)Characters in Book VI of the AeneidCondemned souls into TartarusGreek legendary creaturesTitansGreek mythologyOffspring of Gaia

Traditionally, Lucifer is a name that in English generally refers to the Devil or Satan, especially in reference to his status as a fallen angel. In Latin, from which the English word is derived, Lucifer (as a noun) means "light-bearer" (from the words lucem ferre). It was the name given to the Morning Star, i.e. the planet Venus when seen at dawn.
LuciferAngels in ChristianityDemons in ChristianityLuciferianismSatanVulgate Latin words and phrasesArchangelsIndividual angelsSatanismVenusAbrahamic mythologyFallen angelsChristian termsHellRoman gods

The Chickasaw are Native American people originally from the region that would become the Southeastern United States. They are of the Muskogean language family and are federally recognized as the Chickasaw Nation. Sometime prior to the first European contact, the Chickasaw migrated from western regions and moved east of the Mississippi River, where they settled mostly in present-day northeast Mississippi.
ChickasawNative American tribes in MississippiNative American history of MississippiChickasaw tribeNative American tribes in AlabamaSouth Appalachian Mississippian cultureIndigenous peoples in the United StatesNative American history of Alabama

Orpheus was a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth. The major stories about him are centered on his ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music; his attempt to retrieve his wife, Eurydice, from the underworld; and his death at the hands of those who could not hear his divine music.
OrpheusAncient Greek shamansThraco-Macedonian mythologyCharacters in Book VI of the AeneidOffspring of ApolloHeroes who ventured to HadesGreek mythology of ThraceGreek mythologyArgonautsPrimordial teachersMount Olympus

Surya (Malay: Suria; Tamil: சூரியன்; Telugu: సూర్యుడు; Thai: พระอาทิตย์) Suraya or Phra Athit is the chief solar deity in Hinduism, one of the Adityas, son of Kasyapa and one of his wives, Aditi of Indra; or of Dyaus Pitar (depending by the version). The term Surya also refers to the Sun, in general. Surya has hair and arms of gold.
SuryaSolar godsRigvedic deitiesAdityasNames of God in HinduismSanskrit words and phrasesHindu godsGrahaHindu astrology

Mercury (mythology)
Mercury was a messenger who wore winged sandals, and a god of trade, thieves, and travel, the son of Maia Maiestas and Jupiter in Roman mythology. His name is related to the Latin word merx ("merchandise"; compare merchant, commerce, etc. ), mercari (to trade), and merces (wages). In his earliest forms, he appears to have been related to the Etruscan deity Turms, but most of his characteristics and mythology were borrowed from the analogous Greek god, Hermes.
Mercury (mythology)Trickster godsDeath godsMessenger godsDeities in the AeneidRoman godsCommerce gods

Giant (mythology)
The mythology and legends of many different cultures include monsters of human appearance but prodigious size and strength. "Giant" is the English word (coined 1297) commonly used for such beings, derived from one of the most famed examples: the gigantes of Greek mythology.
Giant (mythology)OgresMythic humanoidsGiantsGreek loanwords

Diana (mythology)
In Roman mythology, Diana (lt. "heavenly" or "divine") was the goddess of the hunt and moon and birthing, being associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals. She was equated with the Greek goddess Artemis, though she had an independent origin in Italy. Diana was worshiped in ancient Roman religion and is revered in Roman Neopaganism and Stregheria. Dianic Wicca, a largely feminist form of the practice, is named for her.
Diana (mythology)Roman goddessesChildhood goddessesNature goddessesAnimal goddessesHunting goddessesLunar goddessesVirgin goddesses

Helen of Troy
In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (in Greek, Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, was the daughter of Zeus and Leda, step-daughter of King Tyndareus, wife of Menelaus and sister of Castor, Polydeuces and Clytemnestra. Her abduction by Paris brought about the Trojan War.
Helen of TroyLaconian mythologyWomen in Greek mythologyCharacters in the OdysseyGreek mythological hero cultPeople of the Trojan WarDemigods of Classical mythologyKidnapped peopleCharacters in the IliadOffspring of Zeus

In Greek mythology Medusa (Greek: Μέδουσα, "guardian, protectress") was a Gorgon, a chthonic monster, and a daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. The author Hyginus, interposes a generation and gives Medusa another chthonic pair as parents. Gazing directly upon her would turn onlookers to stone. She was beheaded by the hero Perseus, who thereafter used her head as a weapon until he gave it to the goddess Athena to place on her shield.
MedusaWomen and deathGreek mythologyGreek legendary creaturesHeraldic beasts



In Greek mythology, Persephone, also called Kore, is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest-goddess Demeter, and queen of the underworld. Homer describes her as the formidable, venerable majestic queen of the shades, who carries into effect the curses of men upon the souls of the dead. Persephone was abducted by Hades, the god-king of the underworld.
PersephoneChthonicGreek goddessesOffspring of DemeterDivine women of ZeusEleusinian MysteriesGreek death goddessesUnderworld goddessesGreek underworldLife-death-rebirth goddesses

Slavic mythology
Slavic mythology is the mythological aspect of the polytheistic religion that was practised by the Slavs before Christianisation. The religion possesses many common traits with other religions descended from the Proto-Indo-European religion.
Slavic mythologySlavic mythologySlavic culture

Germanic paganism
Germanic paganism refers to the theology and religious practices of the Germanic peoples of north-western Europe from the Iron Age until their Christianization during the Medieval period. It has been described as being "a system of interlocking and closely interrelated religious worldviews and practices rather than as one indivisible religion" and as such consisted of "individual worshippers, family traditions and regional cults within a broadly consistent framework".
Germanic paganismGermanic paganism



Pan (god)
Pan, in Greek religion and mythology, is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music, as well as the companion of the nymphs. His name originates within the Ancient Greek language, from the word paein (πάειν), meaning "to pasture. " He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr.
Pan (god)Horned deitiesPanNature godsGreek godsOracular godsGreek mythologyAnimal godsLove and lust godsOffspring of HermesSexuality in ancient RomeArts godsMusic in Greek mythologyOffspring of Zeus

Celtic mythology
Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism, the religion of the Iron Age Celts. Like other Iron Age Europeans, the early Celts maintained a polytheistic mythology and religious structure. Among Celts in close contact with Ancient Rome, such as the Gauls and Celtiberians, their mythology did not survive the Roman empire, their subsequent conversion to Christianity, and the loss of their Celtic languages.
Celtic mythologyCeltic mythology

Gaia (mythology)
Gaia was the goddess or personification of Earth in ancient Greek religion, one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia was the great mother of all: the heavenly gods, the Titans and the Giants were born from her union with Uranus (the sky), while the sea-gods were born from her union with Pontus (the sea). Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra.
Gaia (mythology)ChthonicGreek goddessesDivine women of ZeusNature goddessesGreek loanwordsMother goddessesGreek mythologyNames of GodFertility goddessesCreator goddessesOracular goddessesEarth goddesses

Asclepius is the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek religion. Asclepius represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene", the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation), Iaso (the goddess of recuperation from illness), Aceso (the goddess of the healing process), Aglæa/Ægle (the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment), and Panacea (the goddess of universal remedy).
AsclepiusOffspring of ApolloGreek godsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyAsclepiusHistory of medicine

Pegasus is one of the best known fantastical as well as mythological creatures in Greek mythology. He is a winged divine horse, usually depicted as white in colour. He was sired by Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and foaled by the Gorgon Medusa. He was the brother of Chrysaor, born at a single birthing when his mother was decapitated by Perseus.
PegasusMythological hybridsGreek legendary creaturesOffspring of PoseidonMythological horsesHeraldic beasts

Juno (mythology)
Juno is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state. She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief god Jupiter and the mother of Mars and Vulcan. Juno also looked after the women of Rome. Her Greek equivalent is Hera. As the patron goddess of Rome and the Roman Empire she was called Regina ("queen") and, together with Jupiter and Minerva, was worshipped as a triad on the Capitol (Juno Capitolina) in Rome.
Juno (mythology)Deities in the AeneidJuneRoman goddesses

Castor and Pollux
In Greek and Roman mythology, Castor and Pollux or Polydeuces were twin brothers, together known as the Dioscuri. Their mother was Leda, but Castor was the mortal son of Tyndareus, king of Sparta, and Pollux the divine son of Zeus, who visited Leda in the guise of a swan. Though accounts of their birth are varied, they are sometimes said to have been born from an egg, along with their twin sisters Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra. In Latin the twins are also known as the Gemini or Castores.
Castor and PolluxTwin peopleLaconian mythologyCybeleGreek godsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyGreek underworldArgonautsDemigods of Classical mythologyFictional twinsOffspring of Zeus

In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, portrayed as femmes fatales who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. Roman poets placed them on some small islands called Sirenum scopuli.
SirenMythological human hybridsGreek legendary creaturesCharacters in the OdysseyGreek mythologyWater spiritsLegendary creatures in popular cultureMusic in Greek mythology

Egyptian mythology
Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt, which describe the actions of the Egyptian gods as a means of understanding the cosmos. Myth appears frequently in Egyptian writings and art, particularly in short stories and in religious material such as hymns, ritual texts, funerary texts, and temple decoration. These sources rarely contain a complete account of a myth and often describe only brief fragments.
Egyptian mythologyAncient Egyptian religionMiddle Eastern mythologyEgyptian mythology

Perseus, the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty of Danaans there, was the first of the heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus was the Greek hero who killed the Gorgon Medusa, and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster sent by Poseidon in retribution for Queen Cassiopeia declaring that her daughter, Andromeda, was more beautiful than the Nereids.
PerseusKings of MycenaeAbantiadesGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyMythology of ArgolisKings of ArgosOffspring of Zeus

Chinese dragon
Chinese dragons are mythical creatures in Chinese mythology and folklore. In Chinese art, dragons are typically portrayed as long, scaled, serpentine creatures with four legs. In yin and yang terminology, a dragon is yang and complements a yin fenghuang ("Chinese phoenix"). Chinese dragons traditionally symbolize potent and auspicious powers, particularly control over water, rainfall, hurricane, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength, and good luck.
Chinese dragonDragonsChinese mythologyChinese dragonsChinese cultureChinese legendary creaturesNational personificationsNational symbols of ChinaAsian legendary creatures

Jason was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was famous for his role as the leader of the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece. He was the son of Aeson, the rightful king of Iolcus. He was married to the sorceress Medea. Jason appeared in various literature in the classical world of Greece and Rome, including the epic poem Argonautica and tragedy, Medea.
JasonThessalian argonautsMonomythsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyArgonauts