Greek mythology is the body of myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. They were a part of religion in ancient Greece and are part of religion in modern Greece and around the world as Hellenismos.
Greek mythologyCreation mythsGreek mythology
For other uses, see Myth (disambiguation), Mythology (disambiguation), and Mythos (disambiguation). The term "mythology" can refer either to the study of myths, or to a body or collection of myths (a mythos, e.g. , Inca mythology). In folkloristics, a myth is a sacred narrative usually explaining how the world or humankind came to be in its present form, although, in a very broad sense, the word can refer to any traditional story.
MythologyMythologySpiritualityGreek loanwordsTraditionsCultural anthropologyAnthropology of religion
Norse mythology, a subset of Germanic mythology, is the overall term for the myths, legends and beliefs about supernatural beings of Norse pagans. It flourished prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia, during the Early Middle Ages, and passed into Nordic folklore, with some aspects surviving to the modern day. The mythology from the Romanticist Viking revival came to be an influence on modern literature and popular culture.
Norse mythologyVikingsNorse mythology
Heracles, born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus. He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae (Ἡρακλεῖδαι) and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.
HeraclesLabours of HerculesGreek culture heroesMonomythsGreek godsHeroes who ventured to HadesOracular godsSavior godsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyArgonautsHeraclesDemigods of Classical mythologyOffspring of Zeus
Poseidon is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology. His main domain is the ocean, and he is called the "God of the Sea". Additionally, he is referred to as "Earth-Shaker" due to his role in causing earthquakes, and has been called the "tamer of horses". The name of the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan was adopted in Latin for Neptune in Roman mythology; both were sea gods analogous to Poseidon.
PoseidonDeities in the IliadGreek godsSea and river godsGreek mythologyAnimal godsTwelve OlympiansGreek sea godsPoseidonEarth gods
The Muses in Greek mythology, poetry, and literature, are the goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science and the arts. They were considered the source of the knowledge, related orally for centuries in the ancient culture that was contained in poetic lyrics and myths.
MuseGreek goddessesGreek legendary creaturesGreek mythologyMuseologyMusesArts goddessesOffspring of Zeus
In ancient Roman religion and myth, Jupiter or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion throughout the Republican and Imperial eras, until the Empire came under Christian rule. In Roman mythology, he negotiates with Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, to establish principles of Roman religion such as sacrifice. Jupiter is usually thought to have originated as a sky god.
Jupiter (mythology)Mythological kingsJustice godsSky and weather godsJupiter in mythologyDeities in the AeneidRoman godsThunder gods
Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Her Roman equivalent is Diana. Some scholars believe that the name and indeed the goddess herself was originally pre-Greek. Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron: "Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals". The Arcadians believed she was the daughter of Demeter. In the classical period of Greek mythology, Artemis was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo.
ArtemisChildhood goddessesDeities in the IliadGreek goddessesNature goddessesMythological Greek archersGreek mythologyTwelve OlympiansAnimal goddessesHunting goddessesArtemisLunar goddessesVirgin goddessesOffspring of Zeus
For other meanings, see Purana (disambiguation). The Puranas are a genre of important Hindu, Jain and Buddhist religious texts, notably consisting of narratives of the history of the universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology, philosophy, and geography. Puranas usually give prominence to a particular deity, employing an abundance of religious and philosophical concepts.
PuranasSanskrit words and phrasesPuranasHindu textsChronicles
A story arc is an extended or continuing storyline in episodic storytelling media such as television, comic books, comic strips, boardgames, video games, and in some cases, films. On a television program, for example, the story would unfold over many episodes. In television, the use of the story arc is much more common in dramas than in comedies, especially in soap operas.
Story arcNarratologyScreenwritingFictionTelevision terminologyArticle Feedback 5Continuity (fiction)Plot (narrative)
Raven is the common name given to several larger-bodied members of the genus Corvus—but in Europe and North America the Common Raven is normally implied. They have black plumage and large beaks.
Hades was the ancient Greek god of the underworld. The genitive ᾍδου, Haidou, was an elision to denote locality: "[the house/dominion] of Hades". Eventually, the nominative came to designate the abode of the dead. In Greek mythology, Hades is the oldest male child of Cronus and Rhea.
HadesLocations in Greek mythologyChthonicDeities in the IliadGreek godsGreek mythologyHadesUnderworld godsHellGreek death gods
The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland did not entirely survive the conversion to Christianity, but much of it was preserved, shorn of its religious meanings, in medieval Irish literature, which represents the most extensive and best preserved of all the branch and the Historical Cycle. There are also a number of extant mythological texts that do not fit into any of the cycles.
Irish mythologyIrish mythologyCeltic mythology
A creation myth is a symbolic narrative of how the world began and how people first came to inhabit it. They develop in oral traditions and therefore typically have multiple versions; and they are the most common form of myth, found throughout human culture. In the society in which it is told, a creation myth is usually regarded as conveying profound truths, metaphorically, symbolically and sometimes even in a historical or literal sense.
Creation mythComparative mythologyCreation mythsMythological cosmologies
A nymph in Greek mythology is a minor female nature deity typically associated with a particular location or landform. Different from gods, nymphs are generally regarded as divine spirits who animate nature, and are usually depicted as beautiful, young nubile maidens who love to dance and sing; their amorous freedom sets them apart from the restricted and chaste wives and daughters of the Greek polis.
NymphMythic humanoidsGreek legendary creaturesClassical elementsWater spiritsMusesNymphs
Eschatology Listen/ˌɛskəˈtɒlədʒi/ (from the Greek ἔσχατος/ἐσχάτη/ἔσχατον, eschatos/eschatē/eschaton meaning "last" and -logy meaning "the study of", first used in English around 1550) is a part of theology, philosophy, and futurology concerned with what are believed to be the final events of history, the ultimate destiny of humanity—commonly referred to as the end of the world or the "World to Come.
The phoenix, or phenix, is a mythical sacred firebird that can be found in the mythologies of the Arabian, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese, Indians and Phoenicians. It is described as a bird with a colorful plumage and a tail of gold and scarlet .
Phoenix (mythology)Masonic symbolismGreek legendary creaturesNational symbols of GreecePersian legendary creaturesLegendary birdsEuropean legendary creaturesPhoenician mythology
Hindu theology is the large body of traditional narratives related to Hinduism, notably as contained in Sanskrit literature, such as the Sanskrit epics and the Puranas. As such, it is a subset of Nepali and Indian culture.
Hindu mythologyHinduismHindu theology
Vodou is a syncretic religion practiced chiefly in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora. Practitioners are called "vodouists" or "servants of the spirits". Vodouists believe in a distant and unknowable creator god, Bondyè. As Bondyè does not intercede in human affairs, vodouists direct their worship toward spirits subservient to Bondyè, called lwa.
Haitian VodouChristian interfaith and secular relationsVodouAfro-American religion
Dwarf (Germanic mythology)
In Germanic mythology, a dwarf is a being that dwells in mountains and in the earth, and is associated with wisdom, smithing, mining, and crafting. Dwarves are also sometimes described as short and ugly, although some scholars have questioned whether this is a later development stemming from comical portrayals of the beings.
Dwarf (Germanic mythology)Dwarves (mythology)Mythic humanoidsScandinavian folkloreGermanic mythologyGermanic legendary creaturesEnglish legendary creatures
The Amazons are a nation of all-female warriors in Greek mythology and Classical antiquity. Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor, or Libya. Notable queens of the Amazons are Penthesilea, who participated in the Trojan War, and her sister Hippolyta, whose magical girdle, given to her by her father Ares, was the object of one of the labours of Hercules.
AmazonsArchaeologyMatriarchyMythological peoplesGreek mythological hero cultSingle sex societiesGreek mythological Amazons
Mars was the Roman god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome. He was second in importance only to Jupiter, and he was the most prominent of the military gods worshipped by the Roman legions. His festivals were held in March, the month named for him, and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
Mars (mythology)TutelaryWar godsAgricultural godsAnimal godsAresDeities in the AeneidRoman gods
Abrahamic religions (also Abrahamism) are the monotheistic faiths emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with him. They are one of the three major divisions in comparative religion, along with Indian religions (Dharmic) and East Asian religions (Taoic).
Abrahamic religionsAbrahamic religionsMonotheismMonotheistic religionsReligious comparison
In Greek mythology, the Titans were a race of powerful deities, descendants of Gaia and Uranus, that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. In the first generation of twelve Titans, the males were Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus, Cronus, Crius and Iapetus and the females were Mnemosyne, Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis.
Titan (mythology)Characters in Book VI of the AeneidCondemned souls into TartarusGreek legendary creaturesTitansGreek mythologyOffspring of Gaia
Traditionally, Lucifer is a name that in English generally refers to the Devil or Satan, especially in reference to his status as a fallen angel. In Latin, from which the English word is derived, Lucifer (as a noun) means "light-bearer" (from the words lucem ferre). It was the name given to the Morning Star, i.e. the planet Venus when seen at dawn.
LuciferAngels in ChristianityDemons in ChristianityLuciferianismSatanVulgate Latin words and phrasesArchangelsIndividual angelsSatanismVenusAbrahamic mythologyFallen angelsChristian termsHellRoman gods
The Chickasaw are Native American people originally from the region that would become the Southeastern United States. They are of the Muskogean language family and are federally recognized as the Chickasaw Nation. Sometime prior to the first European contact, the Chickasaw migrated from western regions and moved east of the Mississippi River, where they settled mostly in present-day northeast Mississippi.
ChickasawNative American tribes in MississippiNative American history of MississippiChickasaw tribeNative American tribes in AlabamaSouth Appalachian Mississippian cultureIndigenous peoples in the United StatesNative American history of Alabama
Orpheus was a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth. The major stories about him are centered on his ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music; his attempt to retrieve his wife, Eurydice, from the underworld; and his death at the hands of those who could not hear his divine music.
OrpheusAncient Greek shamansThraco-Macedonian mythologyCharacters in Book VI of the AeneidOffspring of ApolloHeroes who ventured to HadesGreek mythology of ThraceGreek mythologyArgonautsPrimordial teachersMount Olympus
Surya (Malay: Suria; Tamil: சூரியன்; Telugu: సూర్యుడు; Thai: พระอาทิตย์) Suraya or Phra Athit is the chief solar deity in Hinduism, one of the Adityas, son of Kasyapa and one of his wives, Aditi of Indra; or of Dyaus Pitar (depending by the version). The term Surya also refers to the Sun, in general. Surya has hair and arms of gold.
SuryaSolar godsRigvedic deitiesAdityasNames of God in HinduismSanskrit words and phrasesHindu godsGrahaHindu astrology
Mercury was a messenger who wore winged sandals, and a god of trade, thieves, and travel, the son of Maia Maiestas and Jupiter in Roman mythology. His name is related to the Latin word merx ("merchandise"; compare merchant, commerce, etc. ), mercari (to trade), and merces (wages). In his earliest forms, he appears to have been related to the Etruscan deity Turms, but most of his characteristics and mythology were borrowed from the analogous Greek god, Hermes.
Mercury (mythology)Trickster godsDeath godsMessenger godsDeities in the AeneidRoman godsCommerce gods
The mythology and legends of many different cultures include monsters of human appearance but prodigious size and strength. "Giant" is the English word (coined 1297) commonly used for such beings, derived from one of the most famed examples: the gigantes of Greek mythology.
Giant (mythology)OgresMythic humanoidsGiantsGreek loanwords
In Roman mythology, Diana (lt. "heavenly" or "divine") was the goddess of the hunt and moon and birthing, being associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals. She was equated with the Greek goddess Artemis, though she had an independent origin in Italy. Diana was worshiped in ancient Roman religion and is revered in Roman Neopaganism and Stregheria. Dianic Wicca, a largely feminist form of the practice, is named for her.
Diana (mythology)Roman goddessesChildhood goddessesNature goddessesAnimal goddessesHunting goddessesLunar goddessesVirgin goddesses
Helen of Troy
In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (in Greek, Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, was the daughter of Zeus and Leda, step-daughter of King Tyndareus, wife of Menelaus and sister of Castor, Polydeuces and Clytemnestra. Her abduction by Paris brought about the Trojan War.
Helen of TroyLaconian mythologyWomen in Greek mythologyCharacters in the OdysseyGreek mythological hero cultPeople of the Trojan WarDemigods of Classical mythologyKidnapped peopleCharacters in the IliadOffspring of Zeus
In Greek mythology Medusa (Greek: Μέδουσα, "guardian, protectress") was a Gorgon, a chthonic monster, and a daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. The author Hyginus, interposes a generation and gives Medusa another chthonic pair as parents. Gazing directly upon her would turn onlookers to stone. She was beheaded by the hero Perseus, who thereafter used her head as a weapon until he gave it to the goddess Athena to place on her shield.
MedusaWomen and deathGreek mythologyGreek legendary creaturesHeraldic beasts
In Greek mythology, Persephone, also called Kore, is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest-goddess Demeter, and queen of the underworld. Homer describes her as the formidable, venerable majestic queen of the shades, who carries into effect the curses of men upon the souls of the dead. Persephone was abducted by Hades, the god-king of the underworld.
PersephoneChthonicGreek goddessesOffspring of DemeterDivine women of ZeusEleusinian MysteriesGreek death goddessesUnderworld goddessesGreek underworldLife-death-rebirth goddesses
Slavic mythology is the mythological aspect of the polytheistic religion that was practised by the Slavs before Christianisation. The religion possesses many common traits with other religions descended from the Proto-Indo-European religion.
Slavic mythologySlavic mythologySlavic culture
Germanic paganism refers to the theology and religious practices of the Germanic peoples of north-western Europe from the Iron Age until their Christianization during the Medieval period. It has been described as being "a system of interlocking and closely interrelated religious worldviews and practices rather than as one indivisible religion" and as such consisted of "individual worshippers, family traditions and regional cults within a broadly consistent framework".
Germanic paganismGermanic paganism
Pan, in Greek religion and mythology, is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music, as well as the companion of the nymphs. His name originates within the Ancient Greek language, from the word paein (πάειν), meaning "to pasture. " He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr.
Pan (god)Horned deitiesPanNature godsGreek godsOracular godsGreek mythologyAnimal godsLove and lust godsOffspring of HermesSexuality in ancient RomeArts godsMusic in Greek mythologyOffspring of Zeus
Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism, the religion of the Iron Age Celts. Like other Iron Age Europeans, the early Celts maintained a polytheistic mythology and religious structure. Among Celts in close contact with Ancient Rome, such as the Gauls and Celtiberians, their mythology did not survive the Roman empire, their subsequent conversion to Christianity, and the loss of their Celtic languages.
Celtic mythologyCeltic mythology
Gaia was the goddess or personification of Earth in ancient Greek religion, one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia was the great mother of all: the heavenly gods, the Titans and the Giants were born from her union with Uranus (the sky), while the sea-gods were born from her union with Pontus (the sea). Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra.
Gaia (mythology)ChthonicGreek goddessesDivine women of ZeusNature goddessesGreek loanwordsMother goddessesGreek mythologyNames of GodFertility goddessesCreator goddessesOracular goddessesEarth goddesses
Asclepius is the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek religion. Asclepius represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene", the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation), Iaso (the goddess of recuperation from illness), Aceso (the goddess of the healing process), Aglæa/Ægle (the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment), and Panacea (the goddess of universal remedy).
AsclepiusOffspring of ApolloGreek godsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyAsclepiusHistory of medicine
Pegasus is one of the best known fantastical as well as mythological creatures in Greek mythology. He is a winged divine horse, usually depicted as white in colour. He was sired by Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and foaled by the Gorgon Medusa. He was the brother of Chrysaor, born at a single birthing when his mother was decapitated by Perseus.
PegasusMythological hybridsGreek legendary creaturesOffspring of PoseidonMythological horsesHeraldic beasts
Juno is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state. She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief god Jupiter and the mother of Mars and Vulcan. Juno also looked after the women of Rome. Her Greek equivalent is Hera. As the patron goddess of Rome and the Roman Empire she was called Regina ("queen") and, together with Jupiter and Minerva, was worshipped as a triad on the Capitol (Juno Capitolina) in Rome.
Juno (mythology)Deities in the AeneidJuneRoman goddesses
Castor and Pollux
In Greek and Roman mythology, Castor and Pollux or Polydeuces were twin brothers, together known as the Dioscuri. Their mother was Leda, but Castor was the mortal son of Tyndareus, king of Sparta, and Pollux the divine son of Zeus, who visited Leda in the guise of a swan. Though accounts of their birth are varied, they are sometimes said to have been born from an egg, along with their twin sisters Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra. In Latin the twins are also known as the Gemini or Castores.
Castor and PolluxTwin peopleLaconian mythologyCybeleGreek godsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyGreek underworldArgonautsDemigods of Classical mythologyFictional twinsOffspring of Zeus
In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, portrayed as femmes fatales who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. Roman poets placed them on some small islands called Sirenum scopuli.
SirenMythological human hybridsGreek legendary creaturesCharacters in the OdysseyGreek mythologyWater spiritsLegendary creatures in popular cultureMusic in Greek mythology
Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt, which describe the actions of the Egyptian gods as a means of understanding the cosmos. Myth appears frequently in Egyptian writings and art, particularly in short stories and in religious material such as hymns, ritual texts, funerary texts, and temple decoration. These sources rarely contain a complete account of a myth and often describe only brief fragments.
Egyptian mythologyAncient Egyptian religionMiddle Eastern mythologyEgyptian mythology
Perseus, the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty of Danaans there, was the first of the heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus was the Greek hero who killed the Gorgon Medusa, and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster sent by Poseidon in retribution for Queen Cassiopeia declaring that her daughter, Andromeda, was more beautiful than the Nereids.
PerseusKings of MycenaeAbantiadesGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyMythology of ArgolisKings of ArgosOffspring of Zeus
Chinese dragons are mythical creatures in Chinese mythology and folklore. In Chinese art, dragons are typically portrayed as long, scaled, serpentine creatures with four legs. In yin and yang terminology, a dragon is yang and complements a yin fenghuang ("Chinese phoenix"). Chinese dragons traditionally symbolize potent and auspicious powers, particularly control over water, rainfall, hurricane, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength, and good luck.
Chinese dragonDragonsChinese mythologyChinese dragonsChinese cultureChinese legendary creaturesNational personificationsNational symbols of ChinaAsian legendary creatures
Jason was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was famous for his role as the leader of the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece. He was the son of Aeson, the rightful king of Iolcus. He was married to the sorceress Medea. Jason appeared in various literature in the classical world of Greece and Rome, including the epic poem Argonautica and tragedy, Medea.
JasonThessalian argonautsMonomythsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyArgonauts
Joseph John Campbell (March 26, 1904 – October 30, 1987) was an American mythologist, writer and lecturer, best known for his work in comparative mythology and comparative religion. His work is vast, covering many aspects of the human experience. His philosophy is often summarized by his phrase: "Follow your bliss."
Joseph CampbellAmerican anthropologistsLecturersSymbologists1987 deathsSarah Lawrence College facultyRoman Catholic writersPeople from White Plains, New YorkAmerican religious writersMythographersDartmouth College alumniPeople from Westchester County, New YorkMysticsComparative mythologyColumbia University alumniAmerican book editors1904 births
Kuru was the name of an Indo-Aryan clan in Iron Age Vedic India, which started in the Early Vedic period and later evolved into a republican Mahajanapada state in the later Vedic period. The Kuru clan was located in the area of modern Haryana, Delhi and western parts of Uttar Pradesh (the region of Doab, till Prayag/Kaushambi) in North India.
Kuru KingdomMain kingdoms of the Puru clanAncient Indian kingdomsKingdoms in the MahabharataAncient peoplesIndo-Aryan peoplesHistorical Hindu kingdomsIron AgeMahajanapadas
Eros, in Greek mythology, was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was Cupid ("desire"). Some myths make him a primordial god, while in other myths, he is the son of Aphrodite. The Shaftesbury Memorial in Piccadilly Circus, London, is popularly mistaken for Eros. In fact it represents Anteros.
ErosGreek godsMythological Greek archersOffspring of AphroditeGreek mythologyLove and lust godsFertility gods
Mesopotamian religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Sumerian and Akkadian peoples living in Mesopotamia (around the area of modern Iraq) that dominated the region for a period of 4200 years from the fourth millennium BC to proximately the 3rd century AD. Christianity began to take root among the Mesopotamians in the 1st century AD, and over the next 300 years the native religion largely died out.
Mesopotamian religionPaganismMesopotamian mythology
The Akan people are an ethnic group found predominantly in Ghana and the Ivory Coast. Akans are the majority in both of these countries and overall have a population of 40 million people. The Akan speak Kwa languages.
Indian epic poetry
Indian epic poetry is the epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent, traditionally called Kavya . The Ramayana and Mahabharata, originally composed in Sanskrit and translated thereafter into many other Indian languages, are some of the oldest surviving epic poems on earth and form part of "Itihāsa" ("History").
Indian epic poetryHistory of literature in IndiaSanskrit literatureEpic poetryIndian poeticsIndian poetry
In the most classic and well known version of Greek mythology, Cronus or Kronos was the leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Uranus, the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age, until he was overthrown by his own son, Zeus and imprisoned in Tartarus. Cronus was usually depicted with a sickle or scythe, which was also the instrument he used to castrate and depose Uranus, his father.
CronusCondemned souls into TartarusGreek godsTitansGreek mythologyOffspring of Gaia
A legendary creature is a mythological or folkloric creature.
Legendary creatureLegendary creaturesCryptozoologyComparative mythologyFolkloreMythological archetypes
A solar deity (also sun god/dess) is a sky deity who represents the Sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength. Solar deities and sun worship can be found throughout most of recorded history in various forms. Hence, many beliefs have formed around this worship, such as the "missing sun" found in many cultures.
Solar deityComparative mythologyMythological archetypesPaganismSolar deities
Neptune was the Roman god of water and the sea in Roman mythology and religion. He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Neptune was the brother of Jupiter and Pluto, each of them presiding over one of the three realms of Heaven, Earth and the Netherigions. Depictions of Neptune in Roman mosaics, especially those of North Africa, are influenced by Hellenistic conventions.
The Transformers (TV series)
The Transformers is the first animated television series in the Transformers franchise. The series depicts a war among giant robots that can transform into vehicles and other objects. Written and recorded in America, the series was animated in Japan and South Korea. The entire series was based upon the Diaclone and Microman toy lines originally created by Japanese toy manufacturer Takara, which were developed into the Transformers toy line by American company Hasbro.
The Transformers (TV series)Transformers animationAmerican action television series2005 in fictionTelevision series by Hasbro StudiosAmerican science fiction television seriesTelevision programs featuring anthropomorphic characters2006 in fictionAnime-influenced animationTransformers: Generation 11980s American animated television series1988 American television series endingsMarvel Comics animationFirst-run syndicated television programs in the United StatesEnglish-language television seriesSpace adventure television series1984 American television series debuts
The terms alien abduction or abduction phenomenon describe "subjectively real memories of being taken secretly against one’s will by apparently nonhuman entities and subjected to complex physical and psychological procedures. " People claiming to have been abducted are usually called "abductees" or "experiencers. " Typical claims involve being subjected to a forced medical examination that emphasizes their reproductive system.
Alien abductionUFO-related phenomenaExtraterrestrial lifeAlien abduction phenomenon
In the animist framework of Australian Aboriginal mythology, The Dreaming is a sacred era in which ancestral Totemic Spirit Beings formed The Creation.
DreamtimeCreation mythsAustralian Aboriginal cultureAustralian Aboriginal mythology
Celtic polytheism, commonly known as Celtic paganism, comprises the religious beliefs and practices adhered to by the Iron Age peoples of Western Europe now known as the Celts, roughly between 500 BCE and 500 CE, spanning the La Tène period and the Roman era, and in the case of the Insular Celts the British and Irish Iron Age. Celtic polytheism was one of a larger group of Iron Age polytheistic religions of the Indo-European family.
Celtic polytheismReligions of the Greco-Roman worldPaganismPolytheismCeltic mythology
In Greek mythology the Erinyes (Ἐρινύες, pl. of Ἐρινύς, Erinys; literally "the avengers") from Greek ἐρίνειν " pursue, persecute"--sometimes referred to as "infernal goddesses" (Greek χθόνιαι θεαί)-- were female chthonic deities of vengeance. A formulaic oath in the Iliad invokes them as "those who beneath the earth punish whosoever has sworn a false oath". Burkert suggests they are "an embodiment of the act of self-cursing contained in the oath".
ErinyesChthonicGreek goddessesGreek legendary creaturesTriple deitiesVengeance goddessesOffspring of Gaia
Cerberus, or Kerberos, in Greek and Roman mythology, is a multi-headed hound (usually three-headed) which guards the gates of the Underworld, to prevent those who have crossed the river Styx from ever escaping. Cerberus featured in many works of ancient Greek and Roman literature and in works of both ancient and modern art and architecture, although, the depiction and background surrounding Cerberus often differed across various works by different authors of the era.
CerberusMythological hybridsCharacters in Book VI of the AeneidGreek legendary creaturesSymbols of HadesMythological dogsGreek mythologyGreek underworld
Religion in ancient Greece
Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. These different groups varied enough for it to be possible to speak of Greek religions or "cults" in the plural, though most of them shared similarities. Also, the Greek religion extended out of Greece and out to other islands.
Religion in ancient GreeceReligion in GreeceAncient Greek religionPolytheismAncient Greek culture
In ancient Roman religion and mythology, Janus is the god of beginnings and transitions, thence also of gates, doors, doorways, endings and time. He is usually a two-faced god since he looks to the future and the past. The Romans dedicated the month of January to Janus.
JanusLiminal deityTutelaryTime and fate godsDii FamiliarisRoman gods
Oceanus was a pseudo-geographical feature in classical antiquity, believed by the ancient Greeks and Romans to be the World Ocean, an enormous river encircling the world. Strictly speaking, Oceanus was the ocean-stream at the Equator in which floated the habitable hemisphere (οἰκουμένη, oikoumene). In Greek mythology, this world-ocean was personified as a Titan, a son of Uranus and Gaia.
OceanusGreek godsGreek loanwordsTitansSea and river godsGreek mythologyGreek sea godsOffspring of Gaia
Japanese mythology is a system of beliefs that embraces Shinto and Buddhist traditions as well as agriculturally based folk religion. The Shinto pantheon comprises innumerable kami. This article will discuss only the typical elements present in Asian mythology, such as the cosmogony, the important deities, and the best known Japanese stories. Mainstream Japanese myths, as generally recognized today, are based on the Kojiki, the Nihon Shoki, and some complementary books.
Japanese mythologyJapanese legendary creaturesJapanese mythology
In Greek mythology, Orestes was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon. He is the subject of several Ancient Greek plays and of various myths connected with his madness and purification, which retain obscure threads of much older ones. Orestes has a root in ὄρος (óros), "mountain". The metaphoric meaning of the name is the person "who can conquer mountains".
OrestesKings of MycenaeMatricidesKings in Greek mythologyAncient Greeks accused of sacrilegeGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyKings of Argos
Enki is a god in Sumerian mythology, later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology. He was originally patron god of the city of Eridu, but later the influence of his cult spread throughout Mesopotamia and to the Canaanites, Hittites and Hurrians. He was the deity of crafts (gašam); mischief; water, seawater, lakewater (a, aba, ab), intelligence (gestú, literally "ear") and creation .
EnkiCreator godsCrafts godsEnûma ElišMesopotamian deitiesMagic godsSea and river godsWisdom godsEarth godsFertile Crescent
In Greek mythology, Nike was a goddess who personified victory, also known as the Winged Goddess of Victory. The Roman equivalent was Victoria. Depending upon the time of various myths, she was described as the daughter of Pallas (Titan) and Styx (Water) and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus, the dominant deity of the Greek pantheon.
Nike (mythology)Greek goddessesWar goddessesGreek Antiquity in art and culturePersonification in Greek mythologyVictory
Leviathan, is a sea monster referred to in the Bible. In Demonology, the Leviathan is one of the seven princes of Hell and its gatekeeper. The word has become synonymous with any large sea monster or creature. In literature it refers to great whales, and in Modern Hebrew, it means simply "whale. " It is described extensively in Job 41.
LeviathanLegendary serpentsDemons in ChristianityDragonsBook of JobHebrew BibleJewish mysticismJewish mythologyHebrew loanwordsBiblical characters in rabbinic literatureChristian termsMythical aquatic creaturesChaos godsJewish legendary creaturesAnimals in religion
Maya mythology is part of Mesoamerican mythology and comprises all of the Maya tales in which personified forces of nature, deities, and the heroes interacting with these play the main roles. Other parts of Maya oral tradition (such as animal tales and many moralising stories) do not properly belong to the domain of mythology, but rather to legend and folk tale.
Maya mythologyMesoamerican mythology and religionMaya mythology and religionMaya deities
Welsh mythology is the mythology of the Welsh people. It consists partly of folk traditions developed in Wales, and partly of traditions developed by Britons elsewhere before the end of the first millennium. Some of this contains remnants of the mythology of pre-Christian Britain, surviving in much altered form in medieval Welsh manuscripts such as the Red Book of Hergest, the White Book of Rhydderch, the Book of Aneirin, and the Book of Taliesin.
Welsh mythologyWelsh mythologyWelsh culture
In Greek mythology, the Lernaean Hydra was an ancient nameless serpent-like chthonic water beast, with reptilian traits, (as its name evinces) that possessed many heads — the poets mention more heads than the vase-painters could paint, and for each head cut off it grew two more — and poisonous breath so virulent even her tracks were deadly. The Hydra of Lerna was killed by Heracles as the second of his Twelve Labours.
Lernaean HydraLabours of HerculesLegendary serpentsCharacters in Book VI of the AeneidGreek mythologyGreek dragons
Ariadne, in Greek mythology, was the daughter of Minos king of Crete, and his queen Pasiphaë, daughter of Helios, the Sun-titan. She is mostly associated with mazes and labyrinths, due to her involvement in the myths of the Minotaur and Theseus.
AriadneDionysus in mythologyWomen in Greek mythologyGreek mythologyTheseusCretan mythology
In Greek mythology, Atlas was the primordial Titan who supported the heavens. Although associated with various places, he became commonly identified with the Atlas Mountains in northwest Africa (Modern-day Morocco and Algeria). Atlas was the son of the Titan Iapetus and the Oceanid Asia or Klyménē (Κλυμένη): Now Iapetus took to wife the neat-ankled maid Clymene, daughter of Ocean, and went up with her into one bed.
Atlas (mythology)TitansGreek mythologyGreek gods
Sumerian religion refers to the mythology, pantheon, rites, and cosmology of the Sumerian civilization. The Sumerian religion influenced Mesopotamian mythology as a whole, surviving in the mythologies and religions of the Hurrians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and other culture groups.
Sumerian religion3rd millennium BC in religionMesopotamian mythologyArchaeology of Iraq
In Greek mythology, Icarus is the son of the master craftsman Daedalus. The main story told about Icarus is his attempt to escape from Crete by means of wings that his father constructed from feathers and wax. He ignored instructions not to fly too close to the sun, and the melting wax caused him to fall into the sea where he drowned.
IcarusSun mythsAccidental deaths from fallsGreek mythology
Matter of Britain
The Matter of Britain is a name given collectively to the body of literature and legendary material associated with Great Britain and its legendary kings, particularly King Arthur. Together with the Matter of France, which concerned the legends of Charlemagne, and the Matter of Rome, which included material derived from or inspired by classical mythology, it was one of the three great literary cycles recalled repeatedly in medieval literature.
Matter of BritainHistory of literatureMetanarrativesMedieval legendsArthurian legendMedieval literatureBritish folkloreRomance (genre)Holy GrailEnglish folkloreBritish traditional historyBreton mythology and folklore
Daemon (classical mythology)
The words dæmon and daimôn are Latinized spellings of the Greek "δαίμων", a reference to the daemons of ancient Greek religion and mythology, as well as later Hellenistic religion and philosophy.
Daemon (classical mythology)Roman legendary creaturesGreek legendary creaturesNeoplatonismHellenistic philosophy and religionChristianity and PaganismPlatonic deities
The Aztec civilization recognized a polytheistic mythology, which contained the many deities (over 100) and supernatural creatures from their religious beliefs.
Aztec mythologyMesoamerican mythology and religionLatin American cultureAztec mythology and religion
Anglo-Saxon paganism, or as some have described it, Anglo-Saxon heathenism, refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Anglo-Saxons between the fifth and eighth centuries AD, during the initial period of Early Medieval England. A variant of the Germanic paganism found across much of north-western Europe, it encompassed a heterogeneous variety of disparate beliefs and cultic practices.
Anglo-Saxon paganismEnglish mythologyAnglo-Saxon paganism
Chaos refers to the formless or void state preceding the creation of the universe or cosmos in the Greek creation myths, more specifically the initial "gap" created by the original separation of heaven and earth. The motif of chaoskampf (German for "struggle against chaos") is ubiquitous in such myths, depicting a battle of a culture hero deity with a chaos monster, often in the shape of a serpent or dragon.
Chaos (cosmogony)Classical Greek philosophyChaosAlchemyGreek loanwordsCreation mythsAncient Near East mythologyGreek deities
Midas is the name of at least three members of the royal house of Phrygia. The most famous King Midas is popularly remembered in Greek mythology for his ability to turn everything he touched into gold. This came to be called the Golden touch, or the Midas touch. The Phrygian city Midaeum was presumably named after this Midas, and this is probably also the Midas that according to Pausanias founded Ancyra.
MidasMythology of Macedonia (region)Kings of PhrygiaGoldGreek mythology
Scorpius, sometimes known as Scorpio, is one of the constellations of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for scorpion, and its symbol is . It lies between Libra to the west and Sagittarius to the east. It is a large constellation located in the southern hemisphere near the center of the Milky Way.
ScorpiusConstellationsScorpius (constellation)Southern constellationsConstellations listed by Ptolemy
Classical mythology or Greco-Roman mythology is the cultural reception of myths from the ancient Greeks and Romans. Along with philosophy and political thought, mythology represents one of the major survivals of classical antiquity throughout later Western culture.
Classical mythologyRoman mythologyGreek mythology
Rhea was the Titaness daughter of the sky god Uranus and the earth goddess Gaia, in Greek mythology. She was known as "the mother of gods" and was, in earlier traditions, strongly associated with Gaia and Cybele, the Great Goddess, and was later seen by the classical Greeks as, through her consort Cronus, the mother of the Olympian gods and goddesses, though never dwelling permanently among them on Mount Olympus. The Romans identified Rhea with the Goddess Ops.
Rhea (mythology)Greek goddessesTitansMother goddessesGreek mythologyCretan mythologyOffspring of Gaia
For the dwarf planet, see Pluto. For other uses, see Pluto (disambiguation). Pluto was the ruler of the underworld in classical mythology. The earlier name for the god was Hades, which became more common as the name of the underworld as a place. In ancient Greek religion and myth, Pluto represents a more positive concept of the god who presides over the afterlife.
Pluto (mythology)Deities of the Greco-Roman worldEpithets of HadesChthonicPlutoGreek godsEleusinian MysteriesGreek mythologyGreek underworldUnderworld godsRoman gods
In Sumerian mythology, Anu (also An) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, Consort of Antu, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was the royal tiara. His attendant and minister of state was the god Ilabrat.
AnuEnûma ElišHurrian deitiesMesopotamian deitiesSky and weather gods
are creatures from Japanese folklore, variously translated as demons, devils, ogres or trolls. They are popular characters in Japanese art, literature and theatre. Depictions of oni vary widely but usually portray them as hideous, gigantic creatures with sharp claws, wild hair, and two long horns growing from their heads. They are humanoid for the most part, but occasionally, they are shown with unnatural features such as odd numbers of eyes or extra fingers and toes.
Oni (folklore)Japanese folkloreOgresJapanese legendary creatures
Ham (son of Noah)
Ham, according to the Table of Nations in the Book of Genesis, was a son of Noah and the father of Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan.
Ham (son of Noah)Ham (son of Noah)Torah people
In Greek mythology, Charon or Kharon is the ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead. A coin to pay Charon for passage, usually an obolus or danake, was sometimes placed in or on the mouth of a dead person. Some authors say that those who could not pay the fee, or those whose bodies were left unburied, had to wander the shores for one hundred years.
Charon (mythology)Greek death gods
Monster Mythology is a sourcebook for the second edition of the Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game. Released by TSR in 1992 and written by Carl Sargent, with interior illustrations by Terry Dykstra, John and Laura Lakey, and Keith Parkinson, Monster Mythology was released as a companion volume for Legends & Lore.
Monster MythologyDungeons & Dragons books
European dragons are legendary creatures in folklore and mythology among the overlapping cultures of Europe. In European folklore, a dragon is a serpentine legendary creature with two pairs of lizard-type legs and bat-type wings growing from its back. A dragon-like creature with no front legs is known as a wyvern. In Western folklore, dragons are usually portrayed as evil, with the exceptions mainly in Welsh folklore and modern fiction.
European dragonDragonsMedieval legendsCatalan symbolsEuropean dragonsEuropean legendary creatures
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ArcturusHypothetical planetary systemsBoötes (constellation)Flamsteed objectsBayer objectsStars with proper namesGreek loanwordsSuspected variablesHenry Draper Catalogue objectsHIP objectsK-type giants