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Greek mythology

Greek mythology is the body of myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. They were a part of religion in ancient Greece and are part of religion in modern Greece and around the world as Hellenismos.

Creation myths Greek mythology

For other uses, see Myth (disambiguation), Mythology (disambiguation), and Mythos (disambiguation). The term "mythology" can refer either to the study of myths, or to a body or collection of myths (a mythos, e.g. , Inca mythology). In folkloristics, a myth is a sacred narrative usually explaining how the world or humankind came to be in its present form, although, in a very broad sense, the word can refer to any traditional story.

Mythology Spirituality Greek loanwords Traditions Cultural anthropology Anthropology of religion
Norse mythology

Norse mythology, a subset of Germanic mythology, is the overall term for the myths, legends and beliefs about supernatural beings of Norse pagans. It flourished prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia, during the Early Middle Ages, and passed into Nordic folklore, with some aspects surviving to the modern day. The mythology from the Romanticist Viking revival came to be an influence on modern literature and popular culture.

Vikings Norse mythology
Urban legend

An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend, is a form of modern folklore consisting of stories that may or may not have been believed by their tellers to be true. As with all folklore and mythology, the designation suggests nothing about the story's veracity, but merely that it is in circulation, exhibits variation over time, and carries some significance that motivates the community in preserving and propagating it.

Folklore Public opinion Children's street culture Urban legends

Heracles, born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus. He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae (Ἡρακλεῖδαι) and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.

Labours of Hercules Greek culture heroes Monomyths Greek gods Heroes who ventured to Hades Oracular gods Savior gods Greek mythological hero cult Greek mythology Argonauts Heracles Demigods of Classical mythology Offspring of Zeus
Roman mythology

Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins and religious system, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Romans. "Roman mythology" may also refer to the modern study of these representations, and to the subject matter as represented in the literature and art of other cultures in any period. The Romans usually treated their traditional narratives as historical, even when these have miraculous or supernatural elements.

Roman mythology Indo-European mythology
Canon (fiction)

In fiction, canon is the conceptual material accepted as "official" in a fictional universe's fan base. It is often contrasted with, or used as the basis for, works of fan fiction, which are not considered canonical. It is used in two slightly different meanings: first, "it refers to the overall set of storylines, premises, settings, and characters offered by the source media text".

Continuity (fiction) Canons (fiction)

Poseidon is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology. His main domain is the ocean, and he is called the "God of the Sea". Additionally, he is referred to as "Earth-Shaker" due to his role in causing earthquakes, and has been called the "tamer of horses". The name of the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan was adopted in Latin for Neptune in Roman mythology; both were sea gods analogous to Poseidon.

Deities in the Iliad Greek gods Sea and river gods Greek mythology Animal gods Twelve Olympians Greek sea gods Poseidon Earth gods

Odysseus or Ulysses was the Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey. Odysseus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad and other works in the Epic Cycle. Husband of Penelope, father of Telemachus, and son of Laërtes and Anticlea, Odysseus is renowned for his guile and resourcefulness, and is hence known by the epithet Odysseus the Cunning (mētis, or "cunning intelligence").

Monomyths Odysseus Aeolides Kings in Greek mythology Heroes who ventured to Hades Characters in the Odyssey Greek mythological hero cult Characters in the Iliad

Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation. Her Roman equivalent is the goddess Venus. Historically, her cult in Greece was imported from, or influenced by, the cult of Astarte in Phoenicia. According to Hesiod's Theogony, she was born when Cronus cut off Uranus' genitals and threw them into the sea, and from the sea foam (aphros) arose Aphrodite. Thus Aphrodite is of an older generation than Zeus.

Deities in the Iliad Greek goddesses Indo-European deities Greek mythology Love and lust goddesses Twelve Olympians Aphrodite Requests for audio pronunciation (Greek) Offspring of Zeus Eros in ancient Greece

The Muses in Greek mythology, poetry, and literature, are the goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science and the arts. They were considered the source of the knowledge, related orally for centuries in the ancient culture that was contained in poetic lyrics and myths.

Greek goddesses Greek legendary creatures Greek mythology Museology Muses Arts goddesses Offspring of Zeus
Jupiter (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Jupiter or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion throughout the Republican and Imperial eras, until the Empire came under Christian rule. In Roman mythology, he negotiates with Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, to establish principles of Roman religion such as sacrifice. Jupiter is usually thought to have originated as a sky god.

Mythological kings Justice gods Sky and weather gods Jupiter in mythology Deities in the Aeneid Roman gods Thunder gods

Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Her Roman equivalent is Diana. Some scholars believe that the name and indeed the goddess herself was originally pre-Greek. Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron: "Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals". The Arcadians believed she was the daughter of Demeter. In the classical period of Greek mythology, Artemis was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo.

Childhood goddesses Deities in the Iliad Greek goddesses Nature goddesses Mythological Greek archers Greek mythology Twelve Olympians Animal goddesses Hunting goddesses Artemis Lunar goddesses Virgin goddesses Offspring of Zeus

For other meanings, see Purana (disambiguation). The Puranas are a genre of important Hindu, Jain and Buddhist religious texts, notably consisting of narratives of the history of the universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology, philosophy, and geography. Puranas usually give prominence to a particular deity, employing an abundance of religious and philosophical concepts.

Sanskrit words and phrases Puranas Hindu texts Chronicles

Hermes An Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, Hermes was the son of Zeus and the Pleiade, Maia, a daughter of the Titan, Atlas. The second youngest of the Olympian gods, he was born before Dionysus. His symbols include the rooster and the tortoise, his purse or pouch, winged sandals, winged cap, and held in his left hand, the herald's staff, the Greek kerykeion or Latin caduceus. Hermes was the herald, or messenger, of the gods to humans, sharing this role with Iris.

Deities in the Iliad Trickster gods Homosexuality in mythology Agricultural gods Magic gods Animal gods Twelve Olympians Messenger gods LGBT history prior to the 19th century Underworld gods Hermes Greek death gods Offspring of Zeus Commerce gods
Story arc

A story arc is an extended or continuing storyline in episodic storytelling media such as television, comic books, comic strips, boardgames, video games, and in some cases, films. On a television program, for example, the story would unfold over many episodes. In television, the use of the story arc is much more common in dramas than in comedies, especially in soap operas.

Narratology Screenwriting Fiction Television terminology Article Feedback 5 Continuity (fiction) Plot (narrative)

Parvati is a Hindu goddess. Parvati is Shakti, the wife of Shiva and the gentle aspect of Mahadevi, the Great Goddess. Parvati is considered as complete incarnation of Adi Parashakti', with all other goddesses being her incarnations or manifestations. Parvati is nominally the second consort of Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction and rejuvenation. However, she is not different from Satī, being the reincarnation of Shiva's first wife.

Forms of Parvati Mother goddesses War goddesses Shaktism Sanskrit words and phrases Hindu goddesses

Raven is the common name given to several larger-bodied members of the genus Corvus—but in Europe and North America the Common Raven is normally implied. They have black plumage and large beaks.


Hades was the ancient Greek god of the underworld. The genitive ᾍδου, Haidou, was an elision to denote locality: "[the house/dominion] of Hades". Eventually, the nominative came to designate the abode of the dead. In Greek mythology, Hades is the oldest male child of Cronus and Rhea.

Locations in Greek mythology Chthonic Deities in the Iliad Greek gods Greek mythology Hades Underworld gods Hell Greek death gods
Irish mythology

The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland did not entirely survive the conversion to Christianity, but much of it was preserved, shorn of its religious meanings, in medieval Irish literature, which represents the most extensive and best preserved of all the branch and the Historical Cycle. There are also a number of extant mythological texts that do not fit into any of the cycles.

Irish mythology Celtic mythology
Creation myth

A creation myth is a symbolic narrative of how the world began and how people first came to inhabit it. They develop in oral traditions and therefore typically have multiple versions; and they are the most common form of myth, found throughout human culture. In the society in which it is told, a creation myth is usually regarded as conveying profound truths, metaphorically, symbolically and sometimes even in a historical or literal sense.

Comparative mythology Creation myths Mythological cosmologies

A nymph in Greek mythology is a minor female nature deity typically associated with a particular location or landform. Different from gods, nymphs are generally regarded as divine spirits who animate nature, and are usually depicted as beautiful, young nubile maidens who love to dance and sing; their amorous freedom sets them apart from the restricted and chaste wives and daughters of the Greek polis.

Mythic humanoids Greek legendary creatures Classical elements Water spirits Muses Nymphs

Eschatology Listen/ˌɛskəˈtɒlədʒi/ (from the Greek ἔσχατος/ἐσχάτη/ἔσχατον, eschatos/eschatē/eschaton meaning "last" and -logy meaning "the study of", first used in English around 1550) is a part of theology, philosophy, and futurology concerned with what are believed to be the final events of history, the ultimate destiny of humanity—commonly referred to as the end of the world or the "World to Come.

Mythology Greek loanwords Mythemes Prophecy Theology Eschatology
Venus (mythology)

Venus is a Roman goddess principally associated with love, beauty, sex, fertility, prosperity and military victory. She played a key role in many Roman religious festivals. From the third century BC, the increasing Hellenization of Roman upper classes identified her as the equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite which in turn is the copy and the equivalent of the Phoenician goddess Astarte. Roman mythology made her the divine mother of Aeneas, the Trojan ancestor of Rome's founder, Romulus.

Roman goddesses Mother goddesses Love and lust goddesses Fertility goddesses Deities in the Aeneid Sexuality in ancient Rome

Osiris is an Egyptian god, usually identified as the god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead. He is classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail.

Monomyths Hellenistic Egyptian deities Nature gods Agricultural gods Death gods Egyptian gods Underworld gods Health gods Primordial teachers Fertility gods Life-death-rebirth gods Ancient Egyptian concepts
Phoenix (mythology)

The phoenix, or phenix, is a mythical sacred firebird that can be found in the mythologies of the Arabian, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese, Indians and Phoenicians. It is described as a bird with a colorful plumage and a tail of gold and scarlet .

Masonic symbolism Greek legendary creatures National symbols of Greece Persian legendary creatures Legendary birds European legendary creatures Phoenician mythology
Hindu mythology

Hindu theology is the large body of traditional narratives related to Hinduism, notably as contained in Sanskrit literature, such as the Sanskrit epics and the Puranas. As such, it is a subset of Nepali and Indian culture.

Hinduism Hindu theology
Haitian Vodou

Vodou is a syncretic religion practiced chiefly in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora. Practitioners are called "vodouists" or "servants of the spirits". Vodouists believe in a distant and unknowable creator god, Bondyè. As Bondyè does not intercede in human affairs, vodouists direct their worship toward spirits subservient to Bondyè, called lwa.

Christian interfaith and secular relations Vodou Afro-American religion

In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite. His father was the second cousin of King Priam of Troy, making Aeneas Priam's second cousin, once removed. The journey of Aeneas from Troy (with help from Aphrodite), which led to the founding of a hamlet south of Rome, is recounted in Virgil's Aeneid. He is considered an important figure in Greek and Roman legend.

Roman mythology Monomyths Characters in the Aeneid Heroes who ventured to Hades Offspring of Aphrodite Greek mythology People of the Trojan War Heroes in mythology and legend Demigods of Classical mythology Characters in the Iliad

In Greek mythology, a centaur or hippocentaur is a member of a composite race of creatures, part human and part horse. In early Attic and Boeotian vase-paintings, they are depicted with the hindquarters of a horse attached to them; in later renderings centaurs are given the torso of a human joined at the waist to the horse's withers, where the horse's neck would be.

Mythological hybrids Mythic humanoids Roman mythology Greek legendary creatures Centaurs Mythological horses
Dwarf (Germanic mythology)

In Germanic mythology, a dwarf is a being that dwells in mountains and in the earth, and is associated with wisdom, smithing, mining, and crafting. Dwarves are also sometimes described as short and ugly, although some scholars have questioned whether this is a later development stemming from comical portrayals of the beings.

Dwarves (mythology) Mythic humanoids Scandinavian folklore Germanic mythology Germanic legendary creatures English legendary creatures

The Amazons are a nation of all-female warriors in Greek mythology and Classical antiquity. Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor, or Libya. Notable queens of the Amazons are Penthesilea, who participated in the Trojan War, and her sister Hippolyta, whose magical girdle, given to her by her father Ares, was the object of one of the labours of Hercules.

Archaeology Matriarchy Mythological peoples Greek mythological hero cult Single sex societies Greek mythological Amazons
Mars (mythology)

Mars was the Roman god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome. He was second in importance only to Jupiter, and he was the most prominent of the military gods worshipped by the Roman legions. His festivals were held in March, the month named for him, and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.

Tutelary War gods Agricultural gods Animal gods Ares Deities in the Aeneid Roman gods
Cthulhu Mythos

The Cthulhu Mythos is a shared fictional universe, based on the work of American horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The term was first coined by August Derleth, a contemporary correspondent of Lovecraft, who used the name of the creature Cthulhu – a central figure in Lovecraft literature and the focus of Lovecraft's famous short story The Call of Cthulhu – to identify the system of lore employed by Lovecraft and his literary successors. Writer Richard L.

Cthulhu Mythos Fictional universes H. P. Lovecraft Artificial mythology
Abrahamic religions

Abrahamic religions (also Abrahamism) are the monotheistic faiths emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with him. They are one of the three major divisions in comparative religion, along with Indian religions (Dharmic) and East Asian religions (Taoic).

Abrahamic religions Monotheism Monotheistic religions Religious comparison
Titan (mythology)

In Greek mythology, the Titans were a race of powerful deities, descendants of Gaia and Uranus, that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. In the first generation of twelve Titans, the males were Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus, Cronus, Crius and Iapetus and the females were Mnemosyne, Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis.

Characters in Book VI of the Aeneid Condemned souls into Tartarus Greek legendary creatures Titans Greek mythology Offspring of Gaia

Traditionally, Lucifer is a name that in English generally refers to the Devil or Satan, especially in reference to his status as a fallen angel. In Latin, from which the English word is derived, Lucifer (as a noun) means "light-bearer" (from the words lucem ferre). It was the name given to the Morning Star, i.e. the planet Venus when seen at dawn.

Angels in Christianity Demons in Christianity Luciferianism Satan Vulgate Latin words and phrases Archangels Individual angels Satanism Venus Abrahamic mythology Fallen angels Christian terms Hell Roman gods

The Chickasaw are Native American people originally from the region that would become the Southeastern United States. They are of the Muskogean language family and are federally recognized as the Chickasaw Nation. Sometime prior to the first European contact, the Chickasaw migrated from western regions and moved east of the Mississippi River, where they settled mostly in present-day northeast Mississippi.

Native American tribes in Mississippi Native American history of Mississippi Chickasaw tribe Native American tribes in Alabama South Appalachian Mississippian culture Indigenous peoples in the United States Native American history of Alabama

Orpheus was a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth. The major stories about him are centered on his ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music; his attempt to retrieve his wife, Eurydice, from the underworld; and his death at the hands of those who could not hear his divine music.

Ancient Greek shamans Thraco-Macedonian mythology Characters in Book VI of the Aeneid Offspring of Apollo Heroes who ventured to Hades Greek mythology of Thrace Greek mythology Argonauts Primordial teachers Mount Olympus

Surya (Malay: Suria; Tamil: சூரியன்; Telugu: సూర్యుడు; Thai: พระอาทิตย์) Suraya or Phra Athit is the chief solar deity in Hinduism, one of the Adityas, son of Kasyapa and one of his wives, Aditi of Indra; or of Dyaus Pitar (depending by the version). The term Surya also refers to the Sun, in general. Surya has hair and arms of gold.

Solar gods Rigvedic deities Adityas Names of God in Hinduism Sanskrit words and phrases Hindu gods Graha Hindu astrology
Mercury (mythology)

Mercury was a messenger who wore winged sandals, and a god of trade, thieves, and travel, the son of Maia Maiestas and Jupiter in Roman mythology. His name is related to the Latin word merx ("merchandise"; compare merchant, commerce, etc. ), mercari (to trade), and merces (wages). In his earliest forms, he appears to have been related to the Etruscan deity Turms, but most of his characteristics and mythology were borrowed from the analogous Greek god, Hermes.

Trickster gods Death gods Messenger gods Deities in the Aeneid Roman gods Commerce gods
Giant (mythology)

The mythology and legends of many different cultures include monsters of human appearance but prodigious size and strength. "Giant" is the English word (coined 1297) commonly used for such beings, derived from one of the most famed examples: the gigantes of Greek mythology.

Ogres Mythic humanoids Giants Greek loanwords
Flood myth

A flood myth or deluge myth is a symbolic narrative of a great flood sent by a deity or deities to destroy civilization as an act of divine retribution. It is a theme widespread among many cultures, though perhaps the most well known examples in modern times are the biblical and Quranic account of Noah's Ark, the foundational myths of the Quiché and Mayas, through Deucalion in Greek mythology, the story of Utnapishtim in the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Hindu puranic story of Manu.

Monomyths Water and religion Comparative mythology Mesopotamian mythology Flood myths Fertile Crescent Megafloods

In Greek mythology, satyrs are a troop of male companions of Pan and Dionysus — "satyresses" were a late invention of poets — that roamed the woods and mountains. In myths they are often associated with pipe-playing. The satyrs' chief was Silenus, a minor deity associated with fertility. These characters can be found in the only complete remaining satyr play, Cyclops, by Euripides, and the fragments of Sophocles' Ichneutae (Tracking Satyrs).

Dance in Greek mythology Mythological human hybrids Greek legendary creatures Satyrs Classical elements Companions of Dionysus Mythological caprids Greek mythology
Diana (mythology)

In Roman mythology, Diana (lt. "heavenly" or "divine") was the goddess of the hunt and moon and birthing, being associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals. She was equated with the Greek goddess Artemis, though she had an independent origin in Italy. Diana was worshiped in ancient Roman religion and is revered in Roman Neopaganism and Stregheria. Dianic Wicca, a largely feminist form of the practice, is named for her.

Roman goddesses Childhood goddesses Nature goddesses Animal goddesses Hunting goddesses Lunar goddesses Virgin goddesses
Helen of Troy

In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (in Greek, Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, was the daughter of Zeus and Leda, step-daughter of King Tyndareus, wife of Menelaus and sister of Castor, Polydeuces and Clytemnestra. Her abduction by Paris brought about the Trojan War.

Laconian mythology Women in Greek mythology Characters in the Odyssey Greek mythological hero cult People of the Trojan War Demigods of Classical mythology Kidnapped people Characters in the Iliad Offspring of Zeus

In Greek mythology Medusa (Greek: Μέδουσα, "guardian, protectress") was a Gorgon, a chthonic monster, and a daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. The author Hyginus, interposes a generation and gives Medusa another chthonic pair as parents. Gazing directly upon her would turn onlookers to stone. She was beheaded by the hero Perseus, who thereafter used her head as a weapon until he gave it to the goddess Athena to place on her shield.

Women and death Greek mythology Greek legendary creatures Heraldic beasts


In Greek mythology, Mentor was the son of Alcimus or Anchialus or Heracles and Asopis. In his old age Mentor was a friend of Odysseus who placed Mentor and Odysseus' foster-brother Eumaeus in charge of his son Telemachus, and of Odysseus' palace, when Odysseus left for the Trojan War. When Athena visited Telemachus she took the disguise of Mentor to hide herself from the suitors of Telemachus' mother Penelope.

Alternative education Characters in the Odyssey Greek loanwords

In Greek mythology, Persephone, also called Kore, is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest-goddess Demeter, and queen of the underworld. Homer describes her as the formidable, venerable majestic queen of the shades, who carries into effect the curses of men upon the souls of the dead. Persephone was abducted by Hades, the god-king of the underworld.

Chthonic Greek goddesses Offspring of Demeter Divine women of Zeus Eleusinian Mysteries Greek death goddesses Underworld goddesses Greek underworld Life-death-rebirth goddesses
Slavic mythology

Slavic mythology is the mythological aspect of the polytheistic religion that was practised by the Slavs before Christianisation. The religion possesses many common traits with other religions descended from the Proto-Indo-European religion.

Slavic mythology Slavic culture
Germanic paganism

Germanic paganism refers to the theology and religious practices of the Germanic peoples of north-western Europe from the Iron Age until their Christianization during the Medieval period. It has been described as being "a system of interlocking and closely interrelated religious worldviews and practices rather than as one indivisible religion" and as such consisted of "individual worshippers, family traditions and regional cults within a broadly consistent framework".

Germanic paganism

Pan (god)

Pan, in Greek religion and mythology, is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music, as well as the companion of the nymphs. His name originates within the Ancient Greek language, from the word paein (πάειν), meaning "to pasture. " He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr.

Horned deities Pan Nature gods Greek gods Oracular gods Greek mythology Animal gods Love and lust gods Offspring of Hermes Sexuality in ancient Rome Arts gods Music in Greek mythology Offspring of Zeus
Celtic mythology

Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism, the religion of the Iron Age Celts. Like other Iron Age Europeans, the early Celts maintained a polytheistic mythology and religious structure. Among Celts in close contact with Ancient Rome, such as the Gauls and Celtiberians, their mythology did not survive the Roman empire, their subsequent conversion to Christianity, and the loss of their Celtic languages.

Celtic mythology
Gaia (mythology)

Gaia was the goddess or personification of Earth in ancient Greek religion, one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia was the great mother of all: the heavenly gods, the Titans and the Giants were born from her union with Uranus (the sky), while the sea-gods were born from her union with Pontus (the sea). Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra.

Chthonic Greek goddesses Divine women of Zeus Nature goddesses Greek loanwords Mother goddesses Greek mythology Names of God Fertility goddesses Creator goddesses Oracular goddesses Earth goddesses

Asclepius is the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek religion. Asclepius represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene", the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation), Iaso (the goddess of recuperation from illness), Aceso (the goddess of the healing process), Aglæa/Ægle (the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment), and Panacea (the goddess of universal remedy).

Offspring of Apollo Greek gods Greek mythological hero cult Greek mythology Asclepius History of medicine

Pegasus is one of the best known fantastical as well as mythological creatures in Greek mythology. He is a winged divine horse, usually depicted as white in colour. He was sired by Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and foaled by the Gorgon Medusa. He was the brother of Chrysaor, born at a single birthing when his mother was decapitated by Perseus.

Mythological hybrids Greek legendary creatures Offspring of Poseidon Mythological horses Heraldic beasts
Juno (mythology)

Juno is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state. She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief god Jupiter and the mother of Mars and Vulcan. Juno also looked after the women of Rome. Her Greek equivalent is Hera. As the patron goddess of Rome and the Roman Empire she was called Regina ("queen") and, together with Jupiter and Minerva, was worshipped as a triad on the Capitol (Juno Capitolina) in Rome.

Deities in the Aeneid June Roman goddesses
Castor and Pollux

In Greek and Roman mythology, Castor and Pollux or Polydeuces were twin brothers, together known as the Dioscuri. Their mother was Leda, but Castor was the mortal son of Tyndareus, king of Sparta, and Pollux the divine son of Zeus, who visited Leda in the guise of a swan. Though accounts of their birth are varied, they are sometimes said to have been born from an egg, along with their twin sisters Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra. In Latin the twins are also known as the Gemini or Castores.

Twin people Laconian mythology Cybele Greek gods Greek mythological hero cult Greek mythology Greek underworld Argonauts Demigods of Classical mythology Fictional twins Offspring of Zeus

In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, portrayed as femmes fatales who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. Roman poets placed them on some small islands called Sirenum scopuli.

Mythological human hybrids Greek legendary creatures Characters in the Odyssey Greek mythology Water spirits Legendary creatures in popular culture Music in Greek mythology
Egyptian mythology

Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt, which describe the actions of the Egyptian gods as a means of understanding the cosmos. Myth appears frequently in Egyptian writings and art, particularly in short stories and in religious material such as hymns, ritual texts, funerary texts, and temple decoration. These sources rarely contain a complete account of a myth and often describe only brief fragments.

Ancient Egyptian religion Middle Eastern mythology Egyptian mythology

Perseus, the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty of Danaans there, was the first of the heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus was the Greek hero who killed the Gorgon Medusa, and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster sent by Poseidon in retribution for Queen Cassiopeia declaring that her daughter, Andromeda, was more beautiful than the Nereids.

Kings of Mycenae Abantiades Greek mythological hero cult Greek mythology Mythology of Argolis Kings of Argos Offspring of Zeus
Chinese dragon

Chinese dragons are mythical creatures in Chinese mythology and folklore. In Chinese art, dragons are typically portrayed as long, scaled, serpentine creatures with four legs. In yin and yang terminology, a dragon is yang and complements a yin fenghuang ("Chinese phoenix"). Chinese dragons traditionally symbolize potent and auspicious powers, particularly control over water, rainfall, hurricane, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength, and good luck.

Dragons Chinese mythology Chinese dragons Chinese culture Chinese legendary creatures National personifications National symbols of China Asian legendary creatures
Chinese mythology

Chinese mythology (中國神話) is a collection of cultural history, folk-tales, and religions that have been passed down in oral or written tradition. It includes creation myths and legends, such as myths concerning the founding of Chinese culture and the Chinese state. As in many cultures' mythologies, Chinese mythology has in the past been believed to be, at least in part, a factual recording of history. Historians have conjectured that Chinese mythology began in the 12th century BC.

Chinese folk religion Chinese mythology

Jason was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was famous for his role as the leader of the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece. He was the son of Aeson, the rightful king of Iolcus. He was married to the sorceress Medea. Jason appeared in various literature in the classical world of Greece and Rome, including the epic poem Argonautica and tragedy, Medea.

Thessalian argonauts Monomyths Greek mythological hero cult Greek mythology Argonauts
Joseph Campbell

Joseph John Campbell (March 26, 1904 – October 30, 1987) was an American mythologist, writer and lecturer, best known for his work in comparative mythology and comparative religion. His work is vast, covering many aspects of the human experience. His philosophy is often summarized by his phrase: "Follow your bliss."

American anthropologists Lecturers Symbologists 1987 deaths Sarah Lawrence College faculty Roman Catholic writers People from White Plains, New York American religious writers Mythographers Dartmouth College alumni People from Westchester County, New York Mystics Comparative mythology Columbia University alumni American book editors 1904 births
Kuru Kingdom

Kuru was the name of an Indo-Aryan clan in Iron Age Vedic India, which started in the Early Vedic period and later evolved into a republican Mahajanapada state in the later Vedic period. The Kuru clan was located in the area of modern Haryana, Delhi and western parts of Uttar Pradesh (the region of Doab, till Prayag/Kaushambi) in North India.

Main kingdoms of the Puru clan Ancient Indian kingdoms Kingdoms in the Mahabharata Ancient peoples Indo-Aryan peoples Historical Hindu kingdoms Iron Age Mahajanapadas

Eros, in Greek mythology, was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was Cupid ("desire"). Some myths make him a primordial god, while in other myths, he is the son of Aphrodite. The Shaftesbury Memorial in Piccadilly Circus, London, is popularly mistaken for Eros. In fact it represents Anteros.

Greek gods Mythological Greek archers Offspring of Aphrodite Greek mythology Love and lust gods Fertility gods
Chinese Buddhism

Chinese Buddhism refers collectively to the various schools of Buddhism that have flourished in China since ancient times. Buddhism has played an enormous role in shaping the mindset of the Chinese people, affecting their aesthetics, politics, literature, philosophy and medicine. At the peak of the Tang Dynasty's vitality, Chinese Buddhism produced numerous spiritual masters.

Buddhism in China Chinese thought Chinese folk religion
Mesopotamian religion

Mesopotamian religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Sumerian and Akkadian peoples living in Mesopotamia (around the area of modern Iraq) that dominated the region for a period of 4200 years from the fourth millennium BC to proximately the 3rd century AD. Christianity began to take root among the Mesopotamians in the 1st century AD, and over the next 300 years the native religion largely died out.

Paganism Mesopotamian mythology
Akan people

The Akan people are an ethnic group found predominantly in Ghana and the Ivory Coast. Akans are the majority in both of these countries and overall have a population of 40 million people. The Akan speak Kwa languages.

Indian epic poetry

Indian epic poetry is the epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent, traditionally called Kavya . The Ramayana and Mahabharata, originally composed in Sanskrit and translated thereafter into many other Indian languages, are some of the oldest surviving epic poems on earth and form part of "Itihāsa" ("History").

History of literature in India Sanskrit literature Epic poetry Indian poetics Indian poetry

In Norse mythology, a valkyrie (from Old Norse valkyrja "chooser of the slain") is one of a host of female figures who decide who falls and dies in battle. Selecting among half of those who die in battle (the other half go to the goddess Freyja's afterlife field Fólkvangr), the valkyries bring their chosen to the afterlife hall of the slain, Valhalla, ruled over by the god Odin. There, the deceased warriors become einherjar.


In the most classic and well known version of Greek mythology, Cronus or Kronos was the leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Uranus, the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age, until he was overthrown by his own son, Zeus and imprisoned in Tartarus. Cronus was usually depicted with a sickle or scythe, which was also the instrument he used to castrate and depose Uranus, his father.

Condemned souls into Tartarus Greek gods Titans Greek mythology Offspring of Gaia

In Greek mythology, Hectōr (Ἕκτωρ, "holding fast"), or Hektōr, was a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War. As the first-born son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba, a descendant of Dardanus, who lived under Mount Ida, and of Tros, the founder of Troy, he was a prince of the royal house and the heir apparent to his father's throne. He was married to Andromache, with whom he had an infant son, Scamandrius (whom the people of Troy called Astyanax).

Trojans Fictional heirs apparent who never acceded Characters in the Iliad

In Norse mythology, Valhalla (from Old Norse Valhöll "hall of the slain") is a majestic, enormous hall located in Asgard, ruled over by the god Odin. Chosen by Odin, half of those that die in combat travel to Valhalla upon death, led by valkyries, while the other half go to the goddess Freyja's field Fólkvangr.

Concepts of Heaven Locations in Norse mythology
Legendary creature

A legendary creature is a mythological or folkloric creature.

Legendary creatures Cryptozoology Comparative mythology Folklore Mythological archetypes
Solar deity

A solar deity (also sun god/dess) is a sky deity who represents the Sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength. Solar deities and sun worship can be found throughout most of recorded history in various forms. Hence, many beliefs have formed around this worship, such as the "missing sun" found in many cultures.

Comparative mythology Mythological archetypes Paganism Solar deities
Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus)

The Bibliotheca, in three books, provides a comprehensive summary of traditional Greek mythology and heroic legends, "the most valuable mythographical work that has come down from ancient times," Aubrey Diller observed, whose "stultifying purpose" was neatly expressed in the epigram noted by Patriarch Photius I of Constantinople: It has the following not ungraceful epigram: 'Draw your knowledge of the past from me and read the ancient tales of learned lore.

2nd-century books Greek encyclopedias Greek mythology Ancient Greek pseudepigrapha
Ceres (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion, Ceres was a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships. She was originally the central deity in Rome's so-called plebeian or Aventine Triad, then was paired with her daughter Proserpina in what Romans described as "the Greek rites of Ceres". Her seven-day April festival of Cerealia included the popular Ludi Ceriales (Ceres' games).

Roman goddesses Agricultural goddesses Nature goddesses
Neptune (mythology)

Neptune was the Roman god of water and the sea in Roman mythology and religion. He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Neptune was the brother of Jupiter and Pluto, each of them presiding over one of the three realms of Heaven, Earth and the Netherigions. Depictions of Neptune in Roman mosaics, especially those of North Africa, are influenced by Hellenistic conventions.

The Transformers (TV series)

The Transformers is the first animated television series in the Transformers franchise. The series depicts a war among giant robots that can transform into vehicles and other objects. Written and recorded in America, the series was animated in Japan and South Korea. The entire series was based upon the Diaclone and Microman toy lines originally created by Japanese toy manufacturer Takara, which were developed into the Transformers toy line by American company Hasbro.

Transformers animation American action television series 2005 in fiction Television series by Hasbro Studios American science fiction television series Television programs featuring anthropomorphic characters 2006 in fiction Anime-influenced animation Transformers: Generation 1 1980s American animated television series 1988 American television series endings Marvel Comics animation First-run syndicated television programs in the United States English-language television series Space adventure television series 1984 American television series debuts
Ancient Egyptian religion

Ancient Egyptian religion was a complex system of polytheistic beliefs and rituals which were an integral part of ancient Egyptian society. It centered on the Egyptians' interaction with a multitude of deities who were believed to be present in, and in control of, the forces and elements of nature. The myths about these gods were meant to explain the origins and behavior of the forces they represented. The practices of Egyptian religion were efforts to provide for the gods and gain their favor.

Ancient Egyptian religion Articles with inconsistent citation formats
Alien abduction

The terms alien abduction or abduction phenomenon describe "subjectively real memories of being taken secretly against one’s will by apparently nonhuman entities and subjected to complex physical and psychological procedures. " People claiming to have been abducted are usually called "abductees" or "experiencers. " Typical claims involve being subjected to a forced medical examination that emphasizes their reproductive system.

UFO-related phenomena Extraterrestrial life Alien abduction phenomenon

The Styx is a river in Greek mythology that formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld (often called Hades which is also the name of this domain's ruler). The rivers Styx, Phlegethon, Acheron, and Cocytus all converge at the center of the underworld on a great marsh, which is also sometimes called the Styx. The other important rivers of the underworld are Lethe, Eridanos, and Alpheus. The gods were bound by the Styx and swore oaths on it.

Naiads Oceanids Greek mythology Rivers of Hades Oaths

In the animist framework of Australian Aboriginal mythology, The Dreaming is a sacred era in which ancestral Totemic Spirit Beings formed The Creation.

Creation myths Australian Aboriginal culture Australian Aboriginal mythology
Celtic polytheism

Celtic polytheism, commonly known as Celtic paganism, comprises the religious beliefs and practices adhered to by the Iron Age peoples of Western Europe now known as the Celts, roughly between 500 BCE and 500 CE, spanning the La Tène period and the Roman era, and in the case of the Insular Celts the British and Irish Iron Age. Celtic polytheism was one of a larger group of Iron Age polytheistic religions of the Indo-European family.

Religions of the Greco-Roman world Paganism Polytheism Celtic mythology

In Greek mythology the Erinyes (Ἐρινύες, pl. of Ἐρινύς, Erinys; literally "the avengers") from Greek ἐρίνειν " pursue, persecute"--sometimes referred to as "infernal goddesses" (Greek χθόνιαι θεαί)-- were female chthonic deities of vengeance. A formulaic oath in the Iliad invokes them as "those who beneath the earth punish whosoever has sworn a false oath". Burkert suggests they are "an embodiment of the act of self-cursing contained in the oath".

Chthonic Greek goddesses Greek legendary creatures Triple deities Vengeance goddesses Offspring of Gaia
Set (mythology)

Set (also spelled Seth, Setesh, Sutekh, Setekh or Suty) was a god of the desert, storms, and foreigners in ancient Egyptian religion. In later myths he was also the god of darkness, and chaos. In Ancient Greek, the god's name is given as Σήθ (Seth). In Egyptian mythology, Set is portrayed as the usurper that killed and mutilated his own brother Osiris. Osiris' wife Isis reassembled Osiris' corpse and embalmed him.

War gods Sky and weather gods Egyptian gods Chaos gods Demons Thunder gods

Cerberus, or Kerberos, in Greek and Roman mythology, is a multi-headed hound (usually three-headed) which guards the gates of the Underworld, to prevent those who have crossed the river Styx from ever escaping. Cerberus featured in many works of ancient Greek and Roman literature and in works of both ancient and modern art and architecture, although, the depiction and background surrounding Cerberus often differed across various works by different authors of the era.

Mythological hybrids Characters in Book VI of the Aeneid Greek legendary creatures Symbols of Hades Mythological dogs Greek mythology Greek underworld
Religion in ancient Greece

Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. These different groups varied enough for it to be possible to speak of Greek religions or "cults" in the plural, though most of them shared similarities. Also, the Greek religion extended out of Greece and out to other islands.

Religion in Greece Ancient Greek religion Polytheism Ancient Greek culture

In ancient Roman religion and mythology, Janus is the god of beginnings and transitions, thence also of gates, doors, doorways, endings and time. He is usually a two-faced god since he looks to the future and the past. The Romans dedicated the month of January to Janus.

Liminal deity Tutelary Time and fate gods Dii Familiaris Roman gods

Oceanus was a pseudo-geographical feature in classical antiquity, believed by the ancient Greeks and Romans to be the World Ocean, an enormous river encircling the world. Strictly speaking, Oceanus was the ocean-stream at the Equator in which floated the habitable hemisphere (οἰκουμένη, oikoumene). In Greek mythology, this world-ocean was personified as a Titan, a son of Uranus and Gaia.

Greek gods Greek loanwords Titans Sea and river gods Greek mythology Greek sea gods Offspring of Gaia

Adonis (Earths "lord"), in Greek mythology, the god of beauty and desire, is a figure with Northwest Semitic antecedents, where he is a central figure in various mystery religions. His religion belonged to women: the dying of Adonis was fully developed in the circle of young girls around the poet Sappho from the island of Lesbos, about 600 BCE, as revealed in a fragment of Sappho's surviving poetry. Adonis is one of the most complex figures in classical times.

Greek gods Levantine mythology Hellenistic Asian deities Greco-Roman mysteries Life-death-rebirth gods Phoenician mythology
Māori mythology

Mythology of The X-Files

The mythology of The X-Files, sometimes referred to as its "mytharc" by the show's staff and fans, follows the quest of FBI Special Agents Fox Mulder, a believer in supernatural phenomena, and Dana Scully, his skeptical partner. Their boss, FBI Assistant Director Walter Skinner was also often involved. Beginning with season 8, another skeptic named John Doggett, and Monica Reyes, a believer like Mulder, were also introduced.

The X-Files Artificial mythology
Chimera (mythology)

(not to be confused with Hemera, the Greek goddess of daytime) The Chimera (also Chimaera or Chimæra) was, according to Greek mythology, a monstrous fire-breathing female creature of Lycia in Asia Minor, composed of the parts of multiple animals: upon the body of a lioness with a tail that ended in a snake's head, the head of a goat arose on her back at the center of her spine.

Mythological hybrids Legendary mammals Corinthian mythology Greek legendary creatures Mythological felines Greek mythology
Japanese mythology

Japanese mythology is a system of beliefs that embraces Shinto and Buddhist traditions as well as agriculturally based folk religion. The Shinto pantheon comprises innumerable kami. This article will discuss only the typical elements present in Asian mythology, such as the cosmogony, the important deities, and the best known Japanese stories. Mainstream Japanese myths, as generally recognized today, are based on the Kojiki, the Nihon Shoki, and some complementary books.

Japanese legendary creatures Japanese mythology

In Greek mythology, Orestes was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon. He is the subject of several Ancient Greek plays and of various myths connected with his madness and purification, which retain obscure threads of much older ones. Orestes has a root in ὄρος (óros), "mountain". The metaphoric meaning of the name is the person "who can conquer mountains".

Kings of Mycenae Matricides Kings in Greek mythology Ancient Greeks accused of sacrilege Greek mythological hero cult Greek mythology Kings of Argos

Enki is a god in Sumerian mythology, later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology. He was originally patron god of the city of Eridu, but later the influence of his cult spread throughout Mesopotamia and to the Canaanites, Hittites and Hurrians. He was the deity of crafts (gašam); mischief; water, seawater, lakewater (a, aba, ab), intelligence (gestú, literally "ear") and creation .

Creator gods Crafts gods Enûma Eliš Mesopotamian deities Magic gods Sea and river gods Wisdom gods Earth gods Fertile Crescent
Ajax (mythology)

"Aias" redirects here. For other uses of this name, see AIAS (disambiguation) and Ajax (disambiguation). Ajax or Aias was a mythological Greek hero, the son of Telamon and Periboea, and king of Salamis. He plays an important role in Homer's Iliad and in the Epic Cycle, a series of epic poems about the Trojan War. To distinguish him from Ajax, son of Oileus, he is called "Telamonian Ajax," "Greater Ajax," or "Ajax the Great". In Etruscan mythology, he is known as Aivas Tlamunus.

Mythological kings Tutelary Characters in the Odyssey Ancient Salamis Greek mythology People of the Trojan War Characters in the Iliad
Nike (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Nike was a goddess who personified victory, also known as the Winged Goddess of Victory. The Roman equivalent was Victoria. Depending upon the time of various myths, she was described as the daughter of Pallas (Titan) and Styx (Water) and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus, the dominant deity of the Greek pantheon.

Greek goddesses War goddesses Greek Antiquity in art and culture Personification in Greek mythology Victory

Leviathan, is a sea monster referred to in the Bible. In Demonology, the Leviathan is one of the seven princes of Hell and its gatekeeper. The word has become synonymous with any large sea monster or creature. In literature it refers to great whales, and in Modern Hebrew, it means simply "whale. " It is described extensively in Job 41.

Legendary serpents Demons in Christianity Dragons Book of Job Hebrew Bible Jewish mysticism Jewish mythology Hebrew loanwords Biblical characters in rabbinic literature Christian terms Mythical aquatic creatures Chaos gods Jewish legendary creatures Animals in religion
Maya mythology

Maya mythology is part of Mesoamerican mythology and comprises all of the Maya tales in which personified forces of nature, deities, and the heroes interacting with these play the main roles. Other parts of Maya oral tradition (such as animal tales and many moralising stories) do not properly belong to the domain of mythology, but rather to legend and folk tale.

Mesoamerican mythology and religion Maya mythology and religion Maya deities
Welsh mythology

Welsh mythology is the mythology of the Welsh people. It consists partly of folk traditions developed in Wales, and partly of traditions developed by Britons elsewhere before the end of the first millennium. Some of this contains remnants of the mythology of pre-Christian Britain, surviving in much altered form in medieval Welsh manuscripts such as the Red Book of Hergest, the White Book of Rhydderch, the Book of Aneirin, and the Book of Taliesin.

Welsh mythology Welsh culture

In Greek mythology, Circe is a minor goddess of magic, described in Homer's Odyssey as "The loveliest of all immortals", living on the island of Aeaea, famous for her part in the adventures of Odysseus. By most accounts, Circe was the daughter of Helios, the god of the sun, and Perse, an Oceanid and the sister of Aeetes, the keeper of the Golden Fleece, Perses and Pasiphaë, the wife of King Minos and mother of the Minotaur. Other accounts make her the daughter of Hecate.

Greek mythological witches Greek goddesses Offspring of Helios Characters in the Odyssey Greek mythology Magic goddesses Shapeshifting Nymphs
Lernaean Hydra

In Greek mythology, the Lernaean Hydra was an ancient nameless serpent-like chthonic water beast, with reptilian traits, (as its name evinces) that possessed many heads — the poets mention more heads than the vase-painters could paint, and for each head cut off it grew two more — and poisonous breath so virulent even her tracks were deadly. The Hydra of Lerna was killed by Heracles as the second of his Twelve Labours.

Labours of Hercules Legendary serpents Characters in Book VI of the Aeneid Greek mythology Greek dragons
Paris (mythology)

Paris, the son of Priam, king of Troy, appears in a number of Greek legends. Probably the best-known was his elopement with Helen, queen of Sparta, this being one of the immediate causes of the Trojan War. Later in the war, he fatally wounds Achilles in the heel with an arrow, as foretold by Achilles's mother, Thetis.

Characters in the Aeneid Mythological Greek archers Greek mythology People of the Trojan War Trojans Characters in the Iliad

Fortuna was the goddess of fortune and personification of luck in Roman religion. She might bring good luck or bad: she could be represented as veiled and blind, as in modern depictions of Justice, and came to represent life's capriciousness. She was also a goddess of fate: as Atrox Fortuna, she claimed the young lives of the princeps Augustus' grandsons Gaius and Lucius, prospective heirs to the Empire. Her father was said to be Jupiter and like him, she could also be bountiful.

Fortune goddesses Personifications Time and fate goddesses Roman goddesses

Ariadne, in Greek mythology, was the daughter of Minos king of Crete, and his queen Pasiphaë, daughter of Helios, the Sun-titan. She is mostly associated with mazes and labyrinths, due to her involvement in the myths of the Minotaur and Theseus.

Dionysus in mythology Women in Greek mythology Greek mythology Theseus Cretan mythology
Atlas (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Atlas was the primordial Titan who supported the heavens. Although associated with various places, he became commonly identified with the Atlas Mountains in northwest Africa (Modern-day Morocco and Algeria). Atlas was the son of the Titan Iapetus and the Oceanid Asia or Klyménē (Κλυμένη): Now Iapetus took to wife the neat-ankled maid Clymene, daughter of Ocean, and went up with her into one bed.

Titans Greek mythology Greek gods
Sumerian religion

Sumerian religion refers to the mythology, pantheon, rites, and cosmology of the Sumerian civilization. The Sumerian religion influenced Mesopotamian mythology as a whole, surviving in the mythologies and religions of the Hurrians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and other culture groups.

3rd millennium BC in religion Mesopotamian mythology Archaeology of Iraq

In Greek mythology, Icarus is the son of the master craftsman Daedalus. The main story told about Icarus is his attempt to escape from Crete by means of wings that his father constructed from feathers and wax. He ignored instructions not to fly too close to the sun, and the melting wax caused him to fall into the sea where he drowned.

Sun myths Accidental deaths from falls Greek mythology
Matter of Britain

The Matter of Britain is a name given collectively to the body of literature and legendary material associated with Great Britain and its legendary kings, particularly King Arthur. Together with the Matter of France, which concerned the legends of Charlemagne, and the Matter of Rome, which included material derived from or inspired by classical mythology, it was one of the three great literary cycles recalled repeatedly in medieval literature.

History of literature Metanarratives Medieval legends Arthurian legend Medieval literature British folklore Romance (genre) Holy Grail English folklore British traditional history Breton mythology and folklore
Daemon (classical mythology)

The words dæmon and daimôn are Latinized spellings of the Greek "δαίμων", a reference to the daemons of ancient Greek religion and mythology, as well as later Hellenistic religion and philosophy.

Roman legendary creatures Greek legendary creatures Neoplatonism Hellenistic philosophy and religion Christianity and Paganism Platonic deities
Aztec mythology

The Aztec civilization recognized a polytheistic mythology, which contained the many deities (over 100) and supernatural creatures from their religious beliefs.

Mesoamerican mythology and religion Latin American culture Aztec mythology and religion
Anglo-Saxon paganism

Anglo-Saxon paganism, or as some have described it, Anglo-Saxon heathenism, refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Anglo-Saxons between the fifth and eighth centuries AD, during the initial period of Early Medieval England. A variant of the Germanic paganism found across much of north-western Europe, it encompassed a heterogeneous variety of disparate beliefs and cultic practices.

English mythology Anglo-Saxon paganism
Chaos (cosmogony)

Chaos refers to the formless or void state preceding the creation of the universe or cosmos in the Greek creation myths, more specifically the initial "gap" created by the original separation of heaven and earth. The motif of chaoskampf (German for "struggle against chaos") is ubiquitous in such myths, depicting a battle of a culture hero deity with a chaos monster, often in the shape of a serpent or dragon.

Classical Greek philosophy Chaos Alchemy Greek loanwords Creation myths Ancient Near East mythology Greek deities

Midas is the name of at least three members of the royal house of Phrygia. The most famous King Midas is popularly remembered in Greek mythology for his ability to turn everything he touched into gold. This came to be called the Golden touch, or the Midas touch. The Phrygian city Midaeum was presumably named after this Midas, and this is probably also the Midas that according to Pausanias founded Ancyra.

Mythology of Macedonia (region) Kings of Phrygia Gold Greek mythology
Yorùbá religion

Saturn (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Saturn was a major god presiding over time. His reign was depicted as a Golden Age of abundance and peace by many Roman authors. In medieval times he was known as the Roman god of time, justice and strength. He held a sickle in his left hand. His mother was Terra and his father was Caelus. Saturn's wife was Ops (the Roman equivalent of Rhea) and Saturn was the father of Ceres, Jupiter, Veritas, Pluto, Neptune, and Juno, among others.

Agricultural gods Roman mythology Deities in the Aeneid Roman gods

Scorpius, sometimes known as Scorpio, is one of the constellations of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for scorpion, and its symbol is . It lies between Libra to the west and Sagittarius to the east. It is a large constellation located in the southern hemisphere near the center of the Milky Way.

Constellations Scorpius (constellation) Southern constellations Constellations listed by Ptolemy
Vulcan (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Vulcan is the god of both beneficial and hindering fire, including the fire of volcanoes. Vulcan is often depicted with a blacksmith's hammer. The Volcanalia was the annual festival held August 23 in his honor. His Greek counterpart is Hephaestus, the god of fire and smithery. In Etruscan religion, he is identified with Sethlans.

Roman gods Fire gods Smithing gods
Classical mythology

Classical mythology or Greco-Roman mythology is the cultural reception of myths from the ancient Greeks and Romans. Along with philosophy and political thought, mythology represents one of the major survivals of classical antiquity throughout later Western culture.

Roman mythology Greek mythology
Uranus (mythology)

Uranus was the primal Greek god personifying the sky. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus. In Ancient Greek literature, Uranus or Father Sky was the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth. According to Hesiod's Theogony, Uranus was conceived by Gaia alone, but other sources cite Aether as his father.

Sky and weather gods Creation myths Greek gods Offspring of Gaia

In Homer's Odyssey, Penelope is the faithful wife of Odysseus, who keeps her suitors at bay in his long absence and is eventually reunited with him. Her name has traditionally been associated with marital faithfulness, and so it was with the Greeks and Romans, but some recent feminist readings offer a more ambiguous interpretation.

Characters in the Odyssey Greek mythology Queens Women in Greek mythology
Rhea (mythology)

Rhea was the Titaness daughter of the sky god Uranus and the earth goddess Gaia, in Greek mythology. She was known as "the mother of gods" and was, in earlier traditions, strongly associated with Gaia and Cybele, the Great Goddess, and was later seen by the classical Greeks as, through her consort Cronus, the mother of the Olympian gods and goddesses, though never dwelling permanently among them on Mount Olympus. The Romans identified Rhea with the Goddess Ops.

Greek goddesses Titans Mother goddesses Greek mythology Cretan mythology Offspring of Gaia
Pluto (mythology)

For the dwarf planet, see Pluto. For other uses, see Pluto (disambiguation). Pluto was the ruler of the underworld in classical mythology. The earlier name for the god was Hades, which became more common as the name of the underworld as a place. In ancient Greek religion and myth, Pluto represents a more positive concept of the god who presides over the afterlife.

Deities of the Greco-Roman world Epithets of Hades Chthonic Pluto Greek gods Eleusinian Mysteries Greek mythology Greek underworld Underworld gods Roman gods

In Sumerian mythology, Anu (also An) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, Consort of Antu, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was the royal tiara. His attendant and minister of state was the god Ilabrat.

Enûma Eliš Hurrian deities Mesopotamian deities Sky and weather gods
Mount Meru

Mount Meru, also called Sumeru i.e. the "Excellent Meru" and Mahameru i.e. "Great Meru", is a sacred mountain in Jain cosmology, Hindu as well as Buddhist cosmology and is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes. It is also the abode of Lord Brahma and the Demi-Gods. The mountain is said to be 84,000 Yojanas high (which is around 1,082,000 km, or 85 times the Earths's diameter).

Ancient Indian mountains Jain cosmology Locations in Hindu mythology Mythological mountains
Oni (folklore)

are creatures from Japanese folklore, variously translated as demons, devils, ogres or trolls. They are popular characters in Japanese art, literature and theatre. Depictions of oni vary widely but usually portray them as hideous, gigantic creatures with sharp claws, wild hair, and two long horns growing from their heads. They are humanoid for the most part, but occasionally, they are shown with unnatural features such as odd numbers of eyes or extra fingers and toes.

Japanese folklore Ogres Japanese legendary creatures
Ham (son of Noah)

Ham, according to the Table of Nations in the Book of Genesis, was a son of Noah and the father of Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan.

Ham (son of Noah) Torah people
Charon (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Charon or Kharon is the ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead. A coin to pay Charon for passage, usually an obolus or danake, was sometimes placed in or on the mouth of a dead person. Some authors say that those who could not pay the fee, or those whose bodies were left unburied, had to wander the shores for one hundred years.

Greek death gods
Monster Mythology

Monster Mythology is a sourcebook for the second edition of the Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game. Released by TSR in 1992 and written by Carl Sargent, with interior illustrations by Terry Dykstra, John and Laura Lakey, and Keith Parkinson, Monster Mythology was released as a companion volume for Legends & Lore.

Dungeons & Dragons books

In Greek mythology, Pandora (ancient Greek, Πανδώρα, derived from πᾶς "all" and δῶρον "gift", thus "all-gifted" or "all-giving") was allegedly the first woman, who was made out of clay. As Hesiod related it, each god helped create her by giving her unique gifts. Zeus ordered Hephaestus to mold her out of earth as part of the punishment of mankind for Prometheus' theft of the secret of fire, and all the gods joined in offering her "seductive gifts".

Creation myths Greek mythology Women in Greek mythology
Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche (also known as The Tale of Amour and Psyche and The Tale of Eros and Psyche), is a myth that first appeared as a digressionary story told by an old woman in Lucius Apuleius' novel, The Golden Ass, written in the 2nd century AD. Apuleius likely used an earlier tale as the basis for his story, modifying it to suit the thematic needs of his novel. It has since been interpreted as a Märchen, an allegory and a myth.

Roman mythology Heroes who ventured to Hades Greek mythology
Traditional African religion

Many Americans and descendants adhere to their traditions as a philosophical school-of-thought, with traditions of folk religion or syncretism practised alongside other adherent's tradition. The essence of this school of thought is based mainly on oral trasmission; that which is written in people's hearts, minds, oral history, customs, temples and religious functions. While generalizations are difficult due to the diversity of cultures they do share some common belief systems.

Sub-Saharan Africa African traditional religions
European dragon

European dragons are legendary creatures in folklore and mythology among the overlapping cultures of Europe. In European folklore, a dragon is a serpentine legendary creature with two pairs of lizard-type legs and bat-type wings growing from its back. A dragon-like creature with no front legs is known as a wyvern. In Western folklore, dragons are usually portrayed as evil, with the exceptions mainly in Welsh folklore and modern fiction.

Dragons Medieval legends Catalan symbols European dragons European legendary creatures
Europa (mythology)

In Greek mythology Europa was a Phoenician woman of high lineage, from whom the name of the continent Europe has ultimately been taken. The name Europa occurs in Hesiod's long list of daughters of primordial Oceanus and Tethys. The story of her abduction by Zeus in the form of a white bull was a Cretan story; as Kerényi points out "most of the love-stories concerning Zeus originated from more ancient tales describing his marriages with goddesses.

Mortal women of Zeus Phoenician characters in Greek mythology Mortal parents of demigods in Classical mythology Cretan mythology National personifications Symbols of the European Union

|- bgcolor="#FFFAFA" | Note : || H and K emission vary. AstrometryRadial velocity +5 km/sProper motion RA: −1093.45 mas/yr Dec.

Hypothetical planetary systems Boötes (constellation) Flamsteed objects Bayer objects Stars with proper names Greek loanwords Suspected variables Henry Draper Catalogue objects HIP objects K-type giants

In Greek mythology, Chiron was held to be the superlative centaur among his brethren.

Pederastic heroes and deities Asclepius in mythology Centaurs Thessalian mythology
Triton (mythology)

Triton in Greek- is a mythological Greek god, the messenger of the big sea. He is the son of Poseidon, god of the sea, and Amphitrite, goddess of the sea, whose herald he is. He is usually represented as a merman, having the upper body of a human and the tail of a fish, "sea-hued", according to Ovid "his shoulders barnacled with sea-shells". Like his father, Poseidon, he carried a trident.

Greek legendary creatures Greek gods Sea and river gods Greek mythology Greek sea gods Offspring of Poseidon Mermaids

Oberon (also spelled Auberon) is a fairy king of the fairies in medieval and Renaissance literature. He is best known as a character in William Shakespeare's play, A Midsummer Night's Dream, in which he is Consort to Titania, Queen of the Fairies.

Male Shakespearean characters Matter of France French folklore Characters in A Midsummer Night's Dream Fictional fairies and sprites Medieval legends Fictional kings Fictional characters introduced in 1596 Mythological fairy royalty

In Greek mythology, a harpy ("snatcher", from Latin: harpeia, originating in Greek: ἅρπυια, harpūia) was one of the winged spirits best known for constantly stealing all food from Phineus. The literal meaning of the word seems to be "that which snatches" as it comes from the ancient Greek word harpazein (ἁρπάζειν), which means "to snatch". A harpy was the mother by the West Wind Zephyros of the horses of Achilles.

Mythological human hybrids Greek mythology Legendary birds Greek legendary creatures

Polyphemus is the gigantic one-eyed son of Poseidon and Thoosa in Greek mythology, one of the Cyclopes. His name means "much spoken of" or "famous". Polyphemus plays a pivotal role in Homer's Odyssey.

Characters in the Odyssey Greek mythology Cyclopes Offspring of Poseidon Sicilian characters in Greek mythology
Victoria (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion, Victoria was the personified goddess of victory. She is the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Nike, and was associated with Bellona. She was adapted from the Sabine agricultural goddess Vacuna and had a temple on the Palatine Hill. The goddess Vica Pota was also sometimes identified with Victoria. Unlike the Greek Nike, Victoria was a major part of Roman society. Multiple temples were erected in her honor.

Victory Personifications War goddesses Roman goddesses

Bastet is the name commonly used by scholars today to refer to a feline goddess of ancient Egyptian religion who was worshipped at least since the Second Dynasty. Her name is also spelled Bast, Baast, Ubasti and Baset.

Solar goddesses Mythological felines War goddesses Egyptian goddesses Fertility goddesses Animal goddesses Cats in popular culture Lunar goddesses
Sin (mythology)

Sin or Nanna was the god of the moon in Mesopotamian mythology. Nanna is a Sumerian deity, the son of Enlil and Ninlil, and became identified with Semitic Sin. The two chief seats of Nanna's/Sin's worship were Ur in the south of Mesopotamia and Harran in the north.

Lunar gods Mesopotamian deities Fertile Crescent

Thule, also spelled Thula, Thila, or Thyïlea, is, in classical European literature and maps, a region in the far north. Though often considered to be an island in antiquity, modern interpretations of what was meant by Thule often identify it as Norway. Other interpretations include Orkney, Shetland, and Scandinavia. In the Late Middle Ages and Renaissance, Thule was often identified as Iceland or Greenland. Another suggested location is Saaremaa in the Baltic Sea.

Locations in Greek mythology Phantom islands Geography of Europe Greek mythology Geography of Greenland Mythological islands Nazism and occultism
Eris (mythology)

Eris is the Greek goddess of strife and discord, her name being translated into Latin as Discordia. Her Greek opposite is Harmonia, whose Latin counterpart is Concordia. Homer equated her with the war-goddess Enyo, whose Roman counterpart is Bellona. The dwarf planet Eris is named after the goddess, as is the religion Discordianism. Eris is the goddess of discord (chaos) and has been around since the first conflict of man. Her true age is unknown being that she is not alive.

Deities in the Iliad Greek goddesses Divine women of Zeus Eris (dwarf planet) Greek mythology Discordianism War goddesses Chaos gods Trickster goddesses
Polynesian mythology

Polynesian mythology is the oral traditions of the people of Polynesia, a grouping of Central and South Pacific Ocean island archipelagos in the Polynesian triangle together with the scattered cultures known as the Polynesian outliers. Polynesians speak languages that descend from a language reconstructed as Proto-Polynesian that was probably spoken in the Tonga - Samoa area around 1000 BC.

Polynesian mythology

Typhon, also Typhoeus (Τυφωεύς, Tuphōeus), Typhaon (Τυφάων, Tuphaōn) or Typhos (Τυφώς, Tuphōs) was the last son of Gaia, fathered by Tartarus, and the most deadly monster of Greek mythology. He was known as the "Father of all monsters"; his wife Echidna was likewise the "Mother of All Monsters. " Typhon was described in pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke, as the largest and most fearsome of all creatures. His human upper half reached as high as the stars.

Mythological hybrids Dragons Greek giants Greek mythology Chaos gods Offspring of Gaia
Nazism and occultism

Speculation about Nazism and occultism has become part of popular culture since 1959. Aside from several popular documentaries, there are numerous books on the topic, most notably The Morning of the Magicians (1960) and The Spear of Destiny (1972). These books have been discussed by the historian Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke as "the modern Mythology of Nazi occultism" or "the Nazi Mysteries".

Occult Germanic neopaganism Nazism Topics in popular culture Esotericism Pseudohistory Nazism and occultism
Proto-Indo-European religion

Proto-Indo-European religion is the hypothesized religion of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) peoples based on the existence of similarities among the deities, religious practices and mythologies of the Indo-European peoples. Reconstruction of the hypotheses below is based on linguistic evidence using the comparative method. Archaeological evidence is difficult to match to any specific culture in the period of early Indo-European culture in the Chalcolithic.

Comparative mythology History of religion Indo-European deities Indo-European mythology

Eurydice in Greek mythology, was an oak nymph or one of the daughters of Apollo (the god of light). She was the wife of Orpheus, who loved her dearly; on their wedding day, he played joyful songs as his bride danced through the meadow. One day, a satyr saw and pursued Eurydice, who stepped on a venomous snake, dying instantly. Distraught, Orpheus played and sang so mournfully that all the nymphs and gods wept and told him to travel to the Underworld and retrieve her, which he gladly did.

Greek mythology Nymphs Dryads
Sea serpent

A sea serpent or sea dragon is a type of sea monster either wholly or partly serpentine. Sightings of sea serpents have been reported for hundreds of years, and continue to be claimed today. Cryptozoologist Bruce Champagne identified more than 1,200 purported sea serpent sightings. It is currently believed that the sightings can be best explained as known animals such as oarfish and whales.

Cryptozoology Legendary serpents Dragons Sea cryptids

Serapis (Σέραπις) or Sarapis (Σάραπις) is a Graeco-Egyptian god. Serapis was devised during the 3rd century BC on the orders of Ptolemy I of Egypt as a means to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm. The god was depicted as Greek in appearance, but with Egyptian trappings, and combined iconography from a great many cults, signifying both abundance and resurrection.

Underworld gods Serapis Egyptian gods

Hohokam (hə-hō'kəm) is one of the four major prehistoric archaeological Oasisamerica traditions of what is now the American Southwest. Many local residents put the accent on the first syllable (ho'-ho-kahm). Variant spellings in current, official usage include Hobokam, Huhugam and Huhukam. The culture was differentiated from others in the region in the 2000s by archaeologist Harold S.

Native American history of Arizona Archaeological cultures of North America History of indigenous peoples of North America Native American pottery Native American history Native American history of New Mexico Oasisamerica cultures Archaeology of the United States Pre-Columbian cultures Native American archeology Puebloan peoples Archaeology of Mexico Southwest North America periods by people
List of Greek mythological figures

This is a list of Greek mythological figures.

Mythology-related lists Greek goddesses Greek gods Lists of deities Greek mythology
Lunar deity

In mythology, a lunar deity is a god or goddess associated with or symbolizing the moon. These deities can have a variety of functions and traditions depending upon the culture, but they are often related to or an enemy of the solar deity. Even though they may be related, they are distinct from the solar deity. Lunar deities can be either male or female, and are usually held to be of the opposite sex of the corresponding solar deity.

Lists of deities Deities in the Hebrew Bible Comparative mythology Moon myths Lunar deities Mythological archetypes
Pandora's box

Pandora's Box is an artifact in Greek mythology, taken from the myth of Pandora's creation in Hesiod's Works and Days. The "box" was actually a large jar (πίθος pithos) given to Pandora (Πανδώρα) ("all-gifted", "all-giving"), which contained all the evils of the world. Today, to open Pandora's box means to create evil that cannot be undone.

Greek mythology Injustice Sins
Vesta (mythology)

Vesta is the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman religion. Vesta's presence is symbolized by the sacred fire that burned at her hearth and temples. Her closest Greek equivalent is Hestia. The importance of Vesta to Roman religion is indicated by the prominence of the priesthood devoted to her, the Vestal Virgins, Rome's only college of full-time priests.

Virgin goddesses Fire goddesses Dii Familiaris Roman goddesses
Hawaiian mythology

Hawaiian mythology comprises the legends, historical tales, and sayings of the ancient Hawaiian people. It is considered a variant of a more general Polynesian mythology, developing its own unique character for several centuries before about 1800. It is associated with the Hawaiian religion. The religion was officially suppressed in the 19th century, but kept alive by some practitioners to the modern day.

Hawaiiana Hawaiian mythology
Inuit mythology

Inuit mythology has many similarities to the religions of other polar regions. Inuit traditional religious practices could be very briefly summarised as a form of shamanism based on animist principles. In some respects, Inuit mythology stretches the common conception of what the term "mythology" means. Unlike Greek mythology, for example, at least a few people have believed in it, without interruption, from the distant past up to and including the present time.

Inuit mythology Circumpolar mythology
Christian mythology

Christian mythology is the body of myths associated with Christianity. In the study of mythology the term "myth" refers to a traditional story, often regarded as sacred, which explains how the world and its inhabitants came to have their present form.

Medieval mythology Christian mythology
Etruscan mythology

The Etruscans were a diachronically continuous population, with a distinct language and culture during the period of earliest European writing, in the Mediterranean Iron Age in the second half of the first millennium BC. They ranged over the Po Valley and some of its alpine slopes, southward along the west coast of Italy, most intensely in Etruria with enclaves as far south as Campania, and inland into the Appennine mountains. Their prehistory can be traced with certainty to about 1000 BC.

Roman mythology Etruscan mythology Etruscan religion

A mythographer, or a mythologist is a compiler of myths. The word derives from the Greek "μυθογραφία" (mythografia), "writing of fables", from "μῦθος", "speech, word, fact, story, narrative" + "γράφω" (graphο), "to write, to inscribe". Mythography is then the rendering of myths in the arts.

Mythography Greek loanwords
Andromeda (mythology)

Andromeda is an Ethiopian princess from Greek mythology who, as divine punishment for her mother's bragging, the Boast of Cassiopeia, was chained to a rock as a sacrifice to a sea monster. She was saved from death by Perseus, her future husband. Her name is the Latinized form of the Greek Ἀνδρομέδη (Andromédē).

Fictional princesses Iconography Greek mythology Women in Greek mythology
Nemesis (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Nemesis, also called Rhamnousia/Rhamnusia at her sanctuary at Rhamnous, north of Marathon, was the spirit of divine retribution against those who succumb to hubris (arrogance before the gods). The Greeks personified vengeful fate as a remorseless goddess: the goddess of revenge. The name Nemesis is related to the Greek word νέμειν [némein némein], meaning "to give what is due". The Romans associated Nemesis with Invidia.

Greek goddesses Divine women of Zeus Oceanids Vengeance goddesses Greek mythology
Lady Justice

Lady Justice (Latin: Justitia, the Roman goddess of Justice, who is equivalent to the Greek goddess Dike) is an allegorical personification of the moral force in judicial systems.

Justice goddesses Personifications Roman goddesses
Chinese astrology

Chinese astrology is based on the traditional astronomy and calendars. The development of Chinese astrology is tied to that of astronomy, which came to flourish during the Han Dynasty (2nd century BC to 2nd century AD).

Divination Chinese philosophy Astrology by tradition Chinese culture Chinese thought
Southern Gothic

Southern Gothic is a subgenre of Gothic fiction unique to American literature that takes place exclusively in the American South. Common themes in Southern Gothic literature include deeply flawed characters, decayed or derelict settings, and other sinister events relating to or coming from poverty, racism, and violence.

Culture of the Southern United States Literary genres American literature Speculative fiction

In Greek mythology, Proteus (Πρωτεύς) is an early sea-god, one of several deities whom Homer calls the "Old Man of the Sea",. Some who ascribe to him a specific domain call him the god of "elusive sea change," which suggests the constantly changing nature of the sea or the liquid quality of water in general. He was known as either a son of Poseidon in the Olympian theogony (Odyssey iv.

Deities in the Iliad Greek gods Sea and river gods Greek mythology Greek sea gods Shapeshifting
Nestor (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerenia (Greek: Νέστωρ Γερήνιος, Nestōr Gerēnios) was the son of Neleus and Chloris and the King of Pylos. He became king after Heracles killed Neleus and all of Nestor's siblings. His wife was either Eurydice or Anaxibia; their children included Peisistratus, Thrasymedes, Pisidice, Polycaste, Stratichus, Aretus, Echephron, and Antilochus.

Kings of Pylos Mythological kings Neleides Characters in the Odyssey Longevity traditions Greek mythology People of the Trojan War Argonauts Characters in the Iliad
Lithuanian mythology

Lithuanian mythology is an example of Baltic mythology, developed by Lithuanians throughout the centuries.

Lithuanian mythology
Io (mythology)

This article is about the mythological figure. For the moon of Jupiter, see Io (moon). Io  /ˈaɪ. oʊ/ was, in Greek mythology, a priestess of Hera in Argos, a nymph who was seduced by Zeus, who changed her into a heifer to escape detection. His wife Hera sent ever-watchful Argus Panoptes, with 100 eyes, to guard her, but Hermes was sent to distract the guardian and slay him.

Greek mythological priestesses Mortal women of Zeus Mortal parents of demigods in Classical mythology Metamorphoses in Greek mythology Mythological bovines Egypt in Greek mythology
Finnish mythology

Finnish mythology is the mythology that went with Finnish paganism which was practised by the Finnish people prior to Christianisation. It has many features shared with fellow Finnic Estonian mythology and its non-Finnic neighbours, the Balts and the Scandinavians. Some of their myths are also distantly related to the myths of other Finno-Ugric speakers like the Samis. Finnish mythology survived within an oral tradition of mythical poem-singing and folklore well into the 19th century.

Finnish mythology Uralic mythology

In Greek mythology, Electra was an Argive princess and daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra. She and her brother Orestes plotted revenge against their mother Clytemnestra and stepfather Aegisthus for the murder of their father Agamemnon. Electra is the main character in the Greek tragedies Electra by Sophocles and Electra by Euripides and has inspired various other works. The psychological concept of the Electra complex is also named after her.

Greek mythology Women in Greek mythology
Thunderbird (mythology)

The Thunderbird is a legendary creature in certain North American indigenous peoples' history and culture. It is considered a "supernatural" bird of power and strength. It is especially important, and richly depicted, in the art, songs and oral histories of many Pacific Northwest Coast cultures, and is found in various forms among the peoples of the American Southwest and Great Plains. Thunderbirds were major components of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex of American prehistory.

Legendary creatures of the indigenous peoples of North America Mississippian culture American folklore legendary creatures Sky and weather gods Legendary birds Messenger gods Mythological birds of prey Northwest Coast art Thunder gods
Sacred bull

The worship of the Sacred Bull throughout the ancient world is most familiar to the Western world in the biblical episode of the idol of the Golden Calf. The Golden Calf after being made by the Hebrew people in the wilderness of Sinai, were rejected and destroyed by Moses and his tribe after his time upon the mountain peak. Marduk is the "bull of Utu". Shiva's steed is Nandi, the Bull. The sacred bull survives in the constellation Taurus.

Animal worship Animals in mythology Minoan civilization Indo-European mythology Comparative mythology Mythological bovines Middle Eastern mythology
Genius (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion, the genius was the individual instance of a general divine nature that is present in every individual person, place, or thing.

Ancient Roman religion

In Greek mythology Korkyra was the daughter of the Asopos river and the nymph Metope. According to myth Poseidon fell in love with the beautiful nymph Korkyra, kidnapped her and brought her to a hitherto unnamed island and offered her name to the place: Korkyra or modern Kerkyra. Together they had a child Phaiax after whom the inhabitants of the island, Phaiakes, were named; their name was later transliterated in Latinate orthography to Phaeacians.

Greek mythology Corcyraean mythology Nymphs
Tethys (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Tethys, daughter of Uranus and Gaia was an archaic Titaness and aquatic sea goddess, invoked in classical Greek poetry but not venerated in cult. Tethys was both sister and wife of Oceanus. She was mother of the chief rivers of the world known to the Greeks, such as the Nile, the Alpheus, the Maeander, and about three thousand daughters called the Oceanids.

Greek goddesses Titans Greek mythology Greek sea gods Sea and river goddesses Offspring of Gaia

In Greek mythology, Eos is the Titan goddess of the dawn, who rose from her home at the edge of Oceanus.

Greek goddesses Solar goddesses Divine women of Zeus Titans Greek mythology
Interpretatio graeca

Interpretatio graeca is a Latin term for the common tendency of ancient Greek writers to equate foreign divinities to members of their own pantheon. Herodotus, for example, refers to the ancient Egyptian gods Amon, Osiris and Ptah as "Zeus", "Dionysus" and "Hephaestus", respectively.

Roman mythology Etruscan mythology Greek mythology Foreign relations of Ancient Rome Latin religious phrases

Titania is a character in William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream. In the play, she is the queen of the fairies. Due to Shakespeare's influence, later fiction has often used the name "Titania" for fairy queen characters. In traditional folklore, the fairy queen has no name. Shakespeare took the name "Titania" from Ovid's Metamorphoses, where it is an appellation given to the daughters of Titans.

Characters in A Midsummer Night's Dream Fictional fairies and sprites Mythological queens Fictional characters introduced in 1596 Mythological fairy royalty Female Shakespearean characters Fictional queens
Brownie (folklore)

A brownie/brounie or urisk or brùnaidh, ùruisg, or gruagach is a legendary creature popular in folklore around Scotland and England (especially the north, though more commonly hobs have this role). It is the Scottish and Northern English counterpart of the Scandinavian tomte, the Slavic domovoi and the German Heinzelmännchen.

Scottish legendary creatures Fairies English legendary creatures Tutelary
Ganymede (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Ganymede is a divine hero whose homeland was Troy. Homer describes Ganymede as the most beautiful of mortals. In the best-known myth, he is abducted by Zeus, in the form of an eagle, to serve as cup-bearer in Olympus. Some interpretations of the myth treat it as an allegory of the human soul aspiring to immortality. It also served as a model for the Greek social custom of paiderastía, the relationship between a man and a youth.

Trojans Greek mythology Pederastic heroes and deities
Canaanite religion

Canaanite religion is the name for the group of Ancient Semitic religions practiced by the Canaanites living in the ancient Levant from at least the early Bronze Age through the first centuries of the Common Era. Canaanite religion was polytheistic, and in some cases monolatristic.

Canaan Levantine mythology Ancient Semitic religions

The Qilin is a mythical hooved Chinese chimerical creature known throughout various East Asian cultures, and is said to appear with the imminent arrival or passing of a wise sage or an illustrious ruler. It is a good omen that brings rui . It is often depicted with what looks like fire all over its body. It is sometimes misleadingly called the "Chinese unicorn" due to conflation with the unicorn by Westerners.

Mythological deer Fictional giraffes Unicorns Chinese mythology Chinese culture Japanese legendary creatures Chinese legendary creatures Asian legendary creatures
Persian mythology

Persian mythology are traditional tales and stories of ancient origin, some involving extraordinary or supernatural beings.

Persian mythology
Apis (god)

, or, or, or Apisin hieroglyphs In Egyptian mythology, Apis or Hapis (alternatively spelled Hapi-ankh), is a bull-deity that was worshipped in the Memphis region. According to Manetho, his worship was instituted by Kaiechos of the Second Dynasty. Hape (Apis) is named on very early monuments, but little is known of the divine animal before the New Kingdom.

Serapis Greek gods Animal gods Egyptian gods Health gods Mythological bovines

In Greek mythology, Nyx (Νύξ, "night"), Nox in Roman translation, is the deity of the night. A shadowy figure, Nyx stood at or near the beginning of creation, and was the mother of personified gods such as Hypnos (sleep) and Thánatos (death). Her appearances in mythology are sparse, but reveal her as a figure of exceptional power and beauty. She is found in the shadows of the world and only ever seen in glimpses.

Greek goddesses Classical oracles Greek mythology Oracular goddesses Night goddesses

Daeva (daēuua, daāua, daēva) in Avestan language meaning "a being of shining light", is a term for a particular sort of supernatural entity with disagreeable characteristics. Equivalents in Iranian languages include Pashto dêw (Uber ghost, demon, giant), Baluchi dêw, Persian dīv (a demon, an ogre, a giant), Kurdish dêw. The Iranian word is borrowed into Urdu as deo, in Armenian as dew and Georgian as devi.

Germanic mythology

Germanic mythology is a comprehensive term for myths associated with historical Germanic paganism, including Norse mythology, Anglo-Saxon mythology, Continental Germanic mythology, and other versions of the mythologies of the Germanic peoples. Germanic mythology ultimately derives from Indo-European mythology, also known as Indo-Germanic mythology.

Germanic mythology
Yama (Buddhism and Chinese mythology)

In Buddhist mythology, Yama is a dharmapala (wrathful god) said to judge the dead and preside over the Narakas ("Hells" or "Purgatories") and the cycle of rebirth. Although ultimately based on the god Yama of the Hindu Vedas, the Buddhist Yama has developed different myths and different functions from the Hindu deity. He has also spread far more widely and is known in every country where Buddhism is practiced, including China and Japan.

Buddhist cosmology Dharmapalas Chinese gods Tibetan Buddhism Death gods Buddhist deities, bodhisattvas, and demons Underworld gods Buddhism in China Buddhism in Japan Japanese gods
Pele (deity)

In the Hawaiian religion, Pele is the goddess of fire, lightning, wind, and volcanoes. She is a popular figure in many stories of ancient Hawaii known as Hawaiian mythology. Ka wahine ʻai honua ("the earth-eating woman") is an epithet for the goddess.

Thunder goddesses Fire goddesses Hawaiian mythology War goddesses Earth goddesses Arts goddesses
Latvian mythology

Lithuanian culture, along with Latvian, is among the oldest surviving Indo-European cultures. Much of its symbolism (an example is the pērkonkrusts or thunder cross) is ancient. Its seasons, festivals, and numerous deities reflect the essential agrarian nature of Latvian tribal life. These seasons and festivals are still noted, if not also celebrated today—for example, Jāņi is a national holiday. The legacy of Latvian mythology is also seen in contemporary Christian holidays.

Baltic mythology Latvian mythology
Jewish mythology

Jewish mythology is generally the sacred and traditional narratives that help explain and symbolize the Jewish religion, whereas Jewish folklore consists of the folk tales and legends that existed in the general Jewish culture. There is very little early folklore distinct from the aggadah literature. However, mythology and folklore has survived and expanded among the Jewish people in all eras of its history.

Jewish mythology
Pygmalion (mythology)

Pygmalion is a legendary figure of Cyprus. Though Pygmalion is the Greek version of the Phoenician royal name Pumayyaton, he is most familiar from Ovid's Metamorphoses, X, in which Pygmalion was a sculptor who fell in love with a statue he had carved. Pumayyaton means "the gift of Pumay" or "Pumay has given as a gift/blessing," referring to a Phoenician god whose name appears on a stone in Nora.

Ancient Cypriots Roman mythology Mythological kings History of Cyprus Fictional artisans
Native American mythology

Native American mythology is the body of traditional narratives associated with Native American religion from a mythographical perspective. Native American belief systems include many sacred narratives. Such spiritual stories are deeply based in Nature and are rich with the symbolism of seasons, weather, plants, animals, earth, water, sky & fire.

Mythology of the indigenous peoples of North America

Zahhāk or Zohhāk is an evil figure in Iranian mythology, evident in ancient Iranian folklore as Aži Dahāka, the name by which he also appears in the texts of the Avesta. In Middle Persian he is called Dahāg or Bēvar-Asp, the latter meaning "[he who has] 10,000 horses".

Legendary serpents Persian mythology Dragons Shahnameh characters Persian legendary creatures Longevity traditions Demons
Australian Aboriginal mythology

Australian Aboriginal myths are the stories traditionally performed by Aboriginal peoples within each of the language groups across Australia. All such myths variously tell significant truths within each Aboriginal group's local landscape. They effectively layer the whole of the Australian continent's topography with cultural nuance and deeper meaning, and empower selected audiences with the accumulated wisdom and knowledge of Australian Aboriginal ancestors back to time immemorial.

Australian Aboriginal mythology

The Hecatonchires, or Hekatonkheires, were figures in an archaic stage of Greek mythology, three giants of incredible strength and ferocity that surpassed that of all Titans whom they helped overthrow. Their name derives from the Greek ἑκατόν (hekaton; "hundred") and χείρ (kheir; "hand"), "each of them having a hundred hands and fifty heads". Hesiod's Theogony (624, 639, 714, 734–35) reports that the three Hekatonkheires became the guards of the gates of Tartarus.

Offspring of Gaia Greek mythology Greek legendary creatures Greek giants
Orion (mythology)

Orion was a giant huntsman in Greek mythology whom Zeus placed among the stars as the constellation of Orion. Ancient sources tell several different stories about Orion. There are two major versions of his birth and several versions of his death.

Offspring of Poseidon Mythological Greek archers Fictional hunters Greek giants

In ancient Greek religion and myth, the Anemoi (in Greek, Ἄνεμοι — "winds") were Greek wind gods who were each ascribed a cardinal direction from which their respective winds came, and were each associated with various seasons and weather conditions.

Greek legendary creatures Greek gods Homosexuality in mythology Winds Sky and weather gods Greek mythology LGBT history prior to the 19th century
Judgement of Paris

The Judgment of Paris is a story from Greek mythology, which was one of the events that led up to the Trojan War and (in slightly later versions of the story) to the foundation of Rome.

Trojan War Judgment of Paris Beauty pageants Greek mythology Discordianism
Puck (mythology)

In English folklore, Puck is a mythological fairy or mischievous nature sprite. Puck is also a generalised personification of land spirits. In more recent times, the figure of Robin Goodfellow is identified as a puck. Puck is also used in many books such as the Sisters Grimm made by Michael Buckley.

Characters in A Midsummer Night's Dream Medieval legends English legendary characters European legendary creatures English folklore Goblins Jesters
Comparative mythology

Comparative mythology is the comparison of myths from different cultures in an attempt to identify shared themes and characteristics. Comparative mythology has served a variety of academic purposes. For example, scholars have used the relationships between different myths to trace the development of religions and cultures, to propose common origins for myths from different cultures, and to support various psychological theories.

Anthropology of religion Comparative mythology Mythography
Inari Ōkami

Folklore of Romania

A feature of Romanian culture is the special relationship between folklore and the learned culture, determined by two factors. First, the rural character of the Romanian communities resulted in an exceptionally vital and creative traditional culture. Folk creations (the best known is the ballad Mioriţa) were the main literary genre until the 18th century. They were both a source of inspiration for cultivated creators and a structural model.

Romanian culture Romanian folklore
Kappa (folklore)

, alternatively called Kawatarō or Kawako, are legendary creatures, a type of water sprite found in Japanese folklore. In Shintō they are considered to be one of many suijin. A hair-covered variation of a Kappa is called a Hyōsube . Kappa are similar to Finnish Näkki, Scandinavian/Germanic Näck/Neck, Slavian Vodník and Scottish Kelpie in that all have been used to scare children of dangers lurking in waters.

Hominid cryptids Japanese legendary creatures Reptile cryptids Water spirits

In ancient Greek mythology, Amphitrite (Ἀμφιτρίτη) was a sea-goddess and wife of Poseidon. Under the influence of the Olympian pantheon, she became merely the consort of Poseidon, and was further diminished by poets to a symbolic representation of the sea. In Roman mythology, the consort of Neptune, a comparatively minor figure, was Salacia, the goddess of saltwater.

Greek goddesses Nereids Oceanids Greek mythology Greek sea gods Sea and river goddesses

The Sandman is a mythical character in Northern European folklore who brings good dreams by sprinkling magical sand onto the eyes of children while they sleep at night.

Folklore Deities, spirits, and mythic beings Dreaming Sleep
Nut (goddess)

In the Ennead of Egyptian mythology, Nut (alternatively spelled Nuit, Newet, and Neuth) was the goddess of the sky. She was seen as a star-covered nude human arching over the earth.

Egyptian goddesses Sky and weather goddesses Life-death-rebirth goddesses
Giants (Greek mythology)

In Greek mythology, the Giants were the children of Gaia, who was fertilized by the blood of Uranus, after Uranus was castrated by his son Cronus. Some depictions stated that these Giants had snake-like tails.

Gigantes Greek mythology Greek legendary creatures Offspring of Gaia
Lamia (mythology)

In ancient Greek mythology, Lamia was a beautiful queen of Libya who became a child-eating daemon. Aristophanes claimed her name derived from the Greek word for gullet (λαιμός; laimos), referring to her habit of devouring children. Some accounts say she has a serpent's tail below the waist. This popular description of her is largely due to Lamia, a poem by John Keats published in 1819.

Legendary serpents Greek legendary creatures Queens in Greek mythology Offspring of Poseidon Libya in Greek mythology Demons

Bylina or Bylyna is a traditional East Slavic oral epic narrative poem. Byliny singers loosely utilize historical fact greatly embellished with fantasy or hyperbole to create their songs. The word Bylina is derived from the past tense of the verb “to be” and implies “something that was.

Medieval literature Epic poetry Russian folklore Russian poetry Russian loanwords Ukrainian literature Kievan Rus'
Bran the Blessed

Brân the Blessed (Welsh: Bendigeidfran or Brân Fendigaidd, literally "Blessed Raven") is a giant and king of Britain in Welsh mythology. He appears in several of the Welsh Triads, but his most significant role is in the Second Branch of the Mabinogi, Branwen ferch Llŷr. He is a son of Llŷr and Penarddun, and the brother of Brânwen, Manawydan, Nisien and Efnysien. The name "Brân" translates from Welsh as "Raven".

Mabinogion Giants Arthurian characters Welsh gods Welsh mythology
Ayyavazhi mythology

Ayyavazhi mythology is the mythology of the growing South Indian religious faith and a sect of Hinduism known as Ayyavazhi. The main source of Ayyavazhi mythology is the Ayyavazhi scripture, Akilattirattu Ammanai, and its supplement, Arul Nool. The Akilattirattu Ammanai is a recitation by Mayon to his consort Lakshmi. It is divided into three sections: pre-incarnational events, incarnational events and post-incarnational events.

Ayyavazhi mythology
Four Symbols (Chinese constellation)

The Four Symbols are four mythological creatures in the Chinese constellations. They are the Azure Dragon of the East, the Vermilion Bird of the South, the White Tiger of the West, and the Black Tortoise of the North. Each one of them represents a direction and a season, and each has its own individual characteristics and origins. They have been portrayed in many historical Chinese and Korean myths and fiction, and also appear in many modern manga and anime.

Chinese mythology Astrological signs Numeric epithets Chinese astrology Chinese constellations Asian legendary creatures
Age of Mythology

Age of Mythology (commonly abbreviated to AoM), is a mythology-based, real-time strategy computer game developed by Ensemble Studios and published by Microsoft Game Studios. It was released on October 30, 2002 in North America and a week later in Europe. A spin-off from the Age of Empires series, Age of Mythology takes inspiration from the myths and legends of the Greeks, Egyptians, and Norse, rather than from actual history.

Age of Empires Egyptian mythology in popular culture Greco-Roman mythology in popular culture 2002 video games Video games set in antiquity Windows games Real-time strategy video games Mac OS X games Mythology-based video games Norse mythology in popular culture Video games with expansion packs
Babylonian religion

Babylonian religion is the religious practice of the Chaldeans, from the Old Babylonian period in the Middle Bronze Age until the rise of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in the Early Iron Age. A brief revival of Chaldean religious tradition (as opposed to the closely related Chaldeans) occurred under the 7th to 6th century Chaldean dynasty.

Mesopotamian mythology History of Iraq
Philippine mythology

Philippine mythology include a collection of tales and superstitions about magical creatures and entities. Some Filipinos, even though heavily westernized and Christianized, still believe in these tales. The prevalence of belief in the figures of Philippines mythology is strong in the provinces. Because the country has many islands and is inhabited by different ethnic groups, Philippine mythology and superstitions are very diverse.

Philippine culture Philippine mythology Philippine legendary creatures

In Greek Mythology, Daphne was a female minor nature deity. Pursued by Apollo, she fled and was chased. Daphne begged the gods for help, who then transformed her into the laurel.

Trees in mythology Greek mythology Metamorphoses in Greek mythology Dryads Shapeshifting Nymphs
Hebe (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Hēbē is the goddess of youth. She is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. Hebe was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia, until she was married to Heracles; her successor was the young Trojan prince Ganymede. Another title of hers, for this reason, is Ganymeda. She also drew baths for Ares and helped Hera enter her chariot.

Offspring of Zeus Greek goddesses Health goddesses Greek mythology
Iris (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Iris is the personification of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. She is also known as one of the goddesses of the sea and the sky. Iris links the gods to humanity. She travels with the speed of wind from one end of the world to the other, and into the depths of the sea and the underworld.

Greek goddesses Greek mythology Deities in the Iliad Messenger gods

Tiki refers to large wood and stone carvings of humanoid forms in Central Eastern Polynesian cultures of the Pacific Ocean. The term is also used in Māori mythology where Tiki is the first man, created by either Tūmatauenga or Tāne. He found the first woman, Marikoriko, in a pond – she seduced him and he became the father of Hine-kau-ataata. In the Māori language, the word "tiki" was the name given to large wooden carvings in roughly human shape, although this is a somewhat archaic usage.

Māori words and phrases Polynesian culture Hawaiian mythology Māori mythology Legendary progenitors
Arabian mythology

Arabian mythology comprises the ancient, pre-Islamic beliefs of the Arabs. Prior to Islam the Kaaba of Mecca was covered in symbols representing the myriad demons, djinn, demigods, or simply tribal gods and other assorted deities which represented the polytheistic culture of pre-Islamic Arabia. It has been inferred from this plurality an exceptionally broad context in which mythology could flourish.

Arabic culture Islamic mythology Arab mythology
The Book of Lost Tales

The Book of Lost Tales is the title of a collection of early stories by J. R. R. Tolkien, and of the first two volumes of Christopher Tolkien's 12-volume series The History of Middle-earth, in which he presents and analyses the manuscripts of those stories, which were the earliest form of the complex fictional myths that would eventually comprise The Silmarillion. Each of the Tales is followed by notes and a detailed commentary by Christopher Tolkien.

The History of Middle-earth Unfinished books 1983 books Fantasy books by series 1984 books
Harmonia (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Harmonia is the immortal goddess of harmony and concord. Her Roman counterpart is Concordia, and her Greek opposite is Eris, whose Roman counterpart is Discordia.

Greek goddesses Theban mythology Offspring of Aphrodite Offspring of Ares Greek mythology Discordianism
Inca mythology

Inca mythology includes many stories and legends that are mythological and helps to explain or symbolizes Inca beliefs. All those that followed the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire by Francisco Pizarro burned the records of the Inca culture. There is currently a theory put forward by Gary Urton that the Quipus represented a binary system capable of recording phonological or logographic data.

Inca mythology
Calypso (mythology)

Calypso was a nymph in Greek mythology, who lived on the island of Ogygia, where she detained Odysseus for several years. She is generally said to be the daughter of the Titan Atlas. Hesiod mentions either different Calypsos or the same Calypso as one of the Oceanid daughters of Tethys and Oceanus, and Pseudo-Apollodorus as one of the Nereid daughters of Nereus and Doris.

Greek goddesses Nereids Characters in the Odyssey Greek mythology Sea and river goddesses Nymphs

Flora (mythology)

In Roman mythology, Flora was a goddess of flowers and the season of spring. While she was otherwise a relatively minor figure in Roman mythology, being one among several fertility goddesses, her association with the spring gave her particular importance at the coming of springtime. Her festival, the Floralia, was held between April 28 and May 3 and symbolized the renewal of the cycle of life, drinking, and flowers. The festival was first instituted in 240 B.C.

Roman goddesses Spring (season) Fertility goddesses Nature goddesses
Leda (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Leda (Λήδα) was daughter of the Aetolian king Thestius, and wife of the king Tyndareus (Τυνδάρεως), of Sparta. Her myth gave rise to the popular motif in Renaissance and later art of Leda and the Swan. She was the mother of Helen (Ἑλένη) of Troy, Clytemnestra (Κλυταιμνήστρα), and Castor and Pollux (Κάστωρ καὶ Πολυδεύκης, also spelled Kastor and Polydeuces). Leda was admired by Zeus, who seduced her in the guise of a swan.

Laconian mythology Mortal women of Zeus Women in Greek mythology Greek mythology Mortal parents of demigods in Classical mythology Aetolian mythology
Narcissus (mythology)

Narcissus or Narkissos, possibly derived from ναρκη (narke) meaning "sleep, numbness," in Greek mythology was a hunter from the territory of Thespiae in Boeotia who was renowned for his beauty. He was exceptionally proud, in that he disdained those who loved him. Nemesis saw this and attracted Narcissus to a pool where he saw his own reflection in the water and fell in love with it, not realizing it was merely an image. Unable to leave the beauty of his reflection, Narcissus died.

Narcissism Greek mythology Pederastic heroes and deities

Irish-language given names Tuatha Dé Danann Fire goddesses Water deities Gaelic-language given names Irish feminine given names Triple deities Feminine given names Smithing goddesses Irish goddesses Irish-language feminine given names Irish royal consorts Health goddesses Arts goddesses
Pleiades (Greek mythology)

The Pleiades, companions of Artemis, were the seven daughters of the titan Atlas and the sea-nymph Pleione born on Mount Cyllene. They are the sisters of Calypso, Hyas, the Hyades, and the Hesperides. The Pleiades were nymphs in the train of Artemis, and together with the seven Hyades were called the Atlantides, Dodonides, or Nysiades, nursemaids and teachers to the infant Bacchus. There is some debate as to the origin of the name Pleiades.

Greek mythology Nymphs
Palladium (mythology)

In Greek and Roman mythology, a palladium or palladion was an image of great antiquity on which the safety of a city was said to depend. "Palladium" especially signified the wooden statue of Pallas Athena that Odysseus and Diomedes stole from the citadel of Troy and which was later taken to the future site of Rome by Aeneas. The Roman story is related in Virgil's Aeneid and other works.

Roman mythology Iliad Greco-Roman relations Greek mythology Mythological objects Aeneid Athena
Folklore of the United States

The folklore of the United States, or American folklore, is one of the folk traditions which has evolved on the North American continent since Europeans arrived in the 16th century. While it contains much in the way of Native American tradition, it should not be confused with the tribal beliefs of any community of native people. American folklore covers the same broad categories as the folklore of other nations.

American folklore
Hippolytus (son of Theseus)

In Greek mythology, Hippolytus (Greek Ἱππόλυτος meaning "unleasher of horses") was a son of Theseus and either Antiope or Hippolyte. He was identified with the Roman forest god Virbius. The most common legend regarding Hippolytus states that he was killed after rejecting the advances of Phaedra, his stepmother, the second wife of Theseus. Spurned, Phaedra deceived Theseus saying that his son had raped her.

Offspring of Theseus Greek mythology Asclepius in mythology Mythological Greek archers
Hindu units of measurement

Hindu religious scriptures such as the Vedas and Puranas describe a massive range of units of time, spanning right across from the Paramáńu to the mahamanvantara. According to these texts, the creation and destruction of the universe is a cyclic process, which repeats itself forever. Each cycle starts with the birth and expansion (lifetime) of the universe equalling 311.04 trillion years, followed by its complete annhilation (which also prevails for the same duration).

Hindu astronomy Human-based units of measure History of mathematics Vedic period Units of time Hindu philosophical concepts Obsolete units of measure Hindu calendar
Aurora (mythology)

Aurora is the Latin word for dawn, the goddess of dawn in Roman mythology and Latin poetry. Like Greek Eos and Rigvedic Ushas (and possibly Germanic Ostara), Aurora continues the name of an earlier Indo-European dawn goddess, *Hausos.

Roman mythology Solar goddesses Roman goddesses
Phaedra (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Phaedra (Greek Φαίδρα - Fedra) is the daughter of Minos and Pasiphaë, wife of Theseus and the mother of Demophon of Athens and Acamas. Phaedra's name derives from the Greek word φαιδρός (phaidros), which meant "bright". Though married to Theseus, Phaedra fell in love with Hippolytus, Theseus' son born by either Hippolyta, queen of the Amazons, or Antiope, her sister. Euripides placed this story twice on the Athenian stage, of which one version survives.

Female suicides Women in Greek mythology

Diyu is the realm of the dead or "hell" in Chinese mythology. It is loosely based on a combination of the Buddhist concept of Naraka, traditional Chinese beliefs about the afterlife and a variety of popular expansions and re-interpretations of these two traditions. Diyu is typically depicted as an underground maze with various levels and chambers, to which souls are taken after death to atone for the sins they committed when they were alive.

Afterlife places Locations in Chinese mythology Taoist cosmology Hell Buddhist mythology
Scottish mythology

Scottish mythology may refer to any of the mythologies of Scotland. Myths have emerged for various purposes throughout the history of Scotland, sometimes being elaborated upon by successive generations, and at other times being completely rejected and replaced by other explanatory narratives.

Scottish mythology Scottish folklore
Star Wars Tales

Star Wars Tales was a comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics, beginning on September 29, 1999 and completing its run on July 13, 2005. Each issue featured several unrelated stories from various eras of the Star Wars timeline. All stories from Issue #20 and before have been retroactively labelled "Infinities", placing them outside the Star Wars canon. Starting with Issue #21, when Tales changed editors, all stories are considered to be within continuity, unless labelled otherwise.

Dark Horse Comics titles Star Wars comics Comics anthologies
Expanded Universe

For the Robert A. Heinlein short story collection, see Expanded Universe (Heinlein). 50x40px This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The term Expanded Universe (sometimes called an Extended Universe) is generally used to denote the 'extension' of a media franchise (i.e. a television show, series of feature films, etc.

Continuity (fiction) Fan fiction

Rhiannon is a prominent figure in Welsh mythology, mother to the Demetian hero Pryderi and wife to Pwyll. She is probably a reflex of the Celtic Great Queen goddess Rigantona and may also be associated with the horse goddess Epona. She appears in both the first and third branches of the Mabinogi and is further mentioned in the early Arthurian prose tale Culhwch and Olwen.

Mythology of the Turkic and Mongolian peoples

The mythologies of the Turkic and Mongol peoples are related and have exerted strong influence on one another. Both groups of peoples qualify as Eurasian nomads and have been in close contact throughout history, especially in the context of the medieval Turco-Mongol empire. The oldest mythological concept that can be reconstructed with any certainty is the sky god Tengri, attested from the Xiong Nu in the 2nd century BC.

Turkic mythology Creation myths Mongol mythology
Javanese beliefs

Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a search for inner self but at the core is the concept of peace of mind. Although Kejawen is not strictly a religious affiliation, it addresses ethical and spiritual values as inspired by Javanese tradition. It is not a religion in usual sense of the word, like Islam, Judaism, or Christianity. There are no scriptures such as the Bible or the Qur'an, nor are there prophets. There is no emphasis on eschatology (i.e.

Indonesian culture Javanese culture Javanese spiritual movements
Continental Germanic mythology

Continental Germanic mythology is a subset of Germanic mythology, going back to Germanic polytheism of the Migration period as practiced in parts of Central Europe before gradual Christianization during the 6th to 8th centuries. It continued in legends, and Middle High German epics during the Middle Ages and also, although in a recharacterized and less sacred fashion, in European folklore and fairy tales.

Germanic paganism Dutch mythology Germanic mythology


In Welsh mythology, Arawn was the king of the otherworld realm of Annwn, appearing prominently in the first branch, and alluded to in the fourth. In later tradition, the role of king of Annwn was largely attributed to the Welsh psychopomp, Gwyn ap Nudd. However, Arawn's memory is retained in a traditional saying found in an old Cardigan folktale: "Hir yw'r dydd a hir yw'r nos, a hir yw aros Arawn". English Translation: "Long is the day and long is the night, and long is the waiting of Arawn"

Mabinogion Fictional kings Welsh mythology
Mythological hybrid

Hybrids are mythological creatures combining body parts of more than one real species. They can be classified as partly human hybrids, and non-human hybrids combining two or more animal species (such as the griffin). Hybrids are often zoomorphic deities in origin who acquire an anthropomorphic aspect over time. Partly human hybrids appear in petroglyphs or cave paintings from the Upper Paleolithic, in shamanistic or totemistic contexts.

Ancient Near East art and architecture Animal worship Mythological hybrids
Māui (Māori mythology)


Sanchuniathon is the purported Phoenician author of three lost works originally in the Phoenician language, surviving only in partial paraphrase and summary of a Greek translation by Philo of Byblos, according to the Christian bishop Eusebius of Caesarea.

Phoenician people Phoenician language Phoenician mythology
Hyacinth (mythology)

Hyacinth or Hyacinthus (in Greek, Ὑάκινθος, Hyakinthos) is a divine hero from Greek mythology. His cult at Amyclae, southwest of Sparta, dates from the Mycenaean era. The santuary grew up around his burial mound, located in the Classical period at the feet of Apollo's statue. The literary myths serve to link him to local cults, and to identify him with Apollo.

Laconian mythology Greek mythology Greek mythological hero cult Pederastic heroes and deities
Rigvedic deities

There are 1028 hymns in the Rigveda, most of them dedicated to specific deities. Indra, a heroic god, slayer of Vrtra and destroyer of the Vala, liberator of the cows and the rivers; Agni the sacrificial fire and messenger of the gods; and Soma the ritual drink dedicated to Indra are the most prominent deities. Invoked in groups are the Vishvedevas (the "all-gods"), the Maruts, violent storm gods in Indra's train and the Ashvins, the twin horsemen.

Rigvedic deities Indo-European deities Indo-European mythology Rig Veda
Lycaon (Arcadia)

For the Trojan Lycaon, see Lycaon (son of Priamos). In Greek mythology, Lycaon was a king of Arcadia, son of Pelasgus and Meliboea, who in the most popular version of the myth tested Zeus by serving him a dish of his slaughtered and dismembered son in order to see whether Zeus was truly omniscient.

Human sacrifice Greek mythology Werewolves Mythological kings of Arcadia
Woman warrior

The portrayal of women warriors in literature and popular culture is a subject of study in history, literary studies, film studies, folklore and mythology, gender studies, and cultural studies.

Women's sports Female stock characters in anime and manga Feminist theory Legends War goddesses Folklore Mythological characters Fictional women soldiers and warriors Combat occupations Cultural studies

The manticore is a persian legendary creature similar to the Egyptian sphinx. It has the body of a red lion, a human head with three rows of sharp teeth, and a trumpet-like voice. Other aspects of the creature vary from story to story. It may be horned, winged, or both. The tail is that of either a dragon or a scorpion, and it may shoot poisonous spines to either paralyze or kill its victims. It devours its prey whole and leaves no clothes, bones, or possessions of the prey behind.

Mythological human hybrids Persian legendary creatures Mythological felines European legendary creatures Heraldic beasts
Coyote in mythology

Coyote is a mythological character common to many Native American cultures, based on the coyote (Canis latrans) animal. This character is usually male and is generally anthropomorphic although he may have some coyote-like physical features such as fur, pointed ears, yellow eyes, a tail and claws. The myths and legends which include Coyote vary widely from culture to culture. Coyote shares many traits with the mythological figure Raven.

Mythology of the indigenous peoples of North America Trickster gods Mythological canines
Echidna (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Echidna (Greek: Ἔχιδνα, ekhis, ἔχις, meaning "she viper") was half woman half snake, known as the "Mother of All Monsters" because most of the monsters in Greek myth were mothered by her. Hesiod's Theogony described her as: [... ... ] the goddess fierce Echidna who is half a nymph with glancing eyes and fair cheeks, and half again a huge snake, great and awful, with speckled skin, eating raw flesh beneath the secret parts of the holy earth.

Dragons Greek mythology Greek legendary creatures Offspring of Gaia

In Greek mythology the Horae or Hours were the goddesses of the seasons and the natural portions of time. They were originally the personifications of nature in its different seasonal aspects, but in later times they were regarded as goddessess of order in general and natural justice. "They bring and bestow ripeness, they come and go in accordance with the firm law of the periodicities of nature and of life", Karl Kerenyi observed: "Hora means 'the correct moment'.

Greek goddesses Spring (season) Nature goddesses Time and fate goddesses Triple deities Justice goddesses Agricultural goddesses Peace goddesses Offspring of Zeus

In Greek mythology, Panacea (Greek Πανάκεια, Panakeia) was a goddess of Universal remedy. She was the daughter of Asclepius and Epione.

Greek goddesses Health goddesses Greek mythology Offspring of Asclepius

Irish-language given names Tuatha Dé Danann Gaelic-language given names Mythological queens Mythological cycle Cycles of the Kings Irish feminine given names Feminine given names Irish goddesses 5th-century BC rulers War goddesses Irish-language feminine given names Legendary High Kings of Ireland Ulster Cycle
Ages of Man

The Ages of Man are the stages of human existence on the Earth according to Greek mythology. Two classical authors in particular offer accounts of the successive ages of mankind, which tend to progress from an original, long-gone age in which humans enjoyed a nearly divine existence to the current age of the writer, in which humans are beset by innumerable pains and evils.

Roman mythology Greek mythology Historiography
Ogier the Dane

Ogier the Dane is a legendary character who first appears in an Old French chanson de geste, in the cycle of poems Geste de Doon de Mayence.

Matter of France Fictional knights Danish legendary figures Characters in The Song of Roland Chansons de geste
Kamba people

The Kamba (Akamba in the plural) are a Bantu ethnic group who live in the semi-arid Eastern Province of Kenya stretching east from Nairobi to Tsavo and north up to Embu, Kenya. This land is called Ukambani. Sources vary on whether they are the third, fourth or the fifth largest ethnic group in Kenya. They speak the Kikamba language.

Ethnic groups in Kenya
Albion (Blake)

In the complex mythology of William Blake, Albion is the primeval man whose fall and division results in the Four Zoas: Urizen, Tharmas, Luvah/Orc, and Urthona/Los. The name derives from the ancient and mythological name of Britain, Albion.

William Blake's mythology

Ọdinani, also Ọdinala, Omenala,Omenana, Odinana or Ọmenani is the traditional cultural beliefs and practises of the Igbo people of West Africa. These terms, as used here in the Igbo language, are synonymous with the traditional Igbo "religious system" which was not considered separate from the social norms of ancient or traditional Igbo societies. Theocentric in nature, spirituality played a huge role in their everyday lives.

Folk religions Igbo mythology African traditional religions
Xuanzang (fictional character)

The fictional character Xuanzang is a central character of the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West. For most of the novel he is known as Táng-sānzàng, the title Sānzàng (三藏 "three collections") referring to his mission to seek the Sānzàngjīng, the "Three Collections of (Buddhist) Scriptures". In some English translations, the title is rendered as Tripitaka .

Buddhist monks Fictional Chinese people in literature Journey to the West characters Chinese mythology

The hippocamp or hippocampus, often called a sea-horse in English, is a mythological creature shared by Phoenician and Greek mythology, though the name by which it is recognised is purely Greek; it became part of Etruscan mythology. It has typically been depicted as a horse in its forepart with a coiling, scaly, fishlike hindquarter.

Nautical lore Mythological hybrids Greek legendary creatures Greek mythology Mythological horses
National myth

A national myth is an inspiring narrative or anecdote about a nation's past. Such myths often serve as an important national symbol and affirm a set of national values. A national myth may sometimes take the form of a national epic. A considerable amount of related material is at civil religion. A national myth may be a legend or fictionalized narrative, which has been elevated to serious mythological, symbolical and esteemed level so as to be true to the nation (Renan 1882).

Origin hypotheses of ethnic groups Nationalism Propaganda National symbols Mythography
Padma (attribute)

Padma, the sacred lotus, is an aquatic plant that plays a central role in Indian religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

Buddhist ritual implements Hindu symbols Ritual weapons Buddhist symbols
Aboriginal mythology

Endymion (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Endymion, was variously a handsome Aeolian shepherd, hunter, or king who was said to rule and live at Olympia in Elis, and he was also venerated and said to reside on Mount Latmus in Caria, on the west coast of Asia Minor.

Greek mythology Elean mythology Shepherds
Galatea (mythology)

For the Sicilian nereid in love with Acis, see Acis and Galatea (mythology) For the wife of Lamprus, who prayed to Leto that her daughter be turned into a son, see Leucippus (daughter of Galatea) Galatea is a name popularly applied to the statue carved of ivory by Pygmalion of Cyprus in Greek mythology. An allusion to Galatea in modern English has become a metaphor for a statue that has come to life.

Greek mythology
Roc (mythology)

A roc or rukh (from the Arabic and Persian رخ rokh, asserted by Louis Charles Casartelli to be an abbreviated form of Persian simurgh) is an enormous legendary bird of prey, often said to be white.

Legendary birds Mythological birds of prey Persian legendary creatures
Berber mythology

The traditional Berber mythology is the ancient and native set of beliefs and deities developed by the Berber people in their historical land of North Africa. Many of Berber ancient beliefs were developed locally while some other ones were imported or influenced over time by contact with African mythology, the Egyptian religion, Phoenician mythology, Judaism, Iberian mythology, and the Hellenistic religion during antiquity.

Berber mythology
Callisto (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Callisto or Kallisto was a nymph of Artemis. Transformed into a bear and set among the stars, she was the bear-mother of the Arcadians, through her son Arcas.

Greek feminine given names Mortal women of Zeus Mythological bears Greek mythology Metamorphoses in Greek mythology Arcadian mythology Shapeshifting Italian given names
Norse cosmology

The cosmology of Norse mythology has 'nine homeworlds', unified by the world tree Yggdrasill. Mapping the nine worlds escapes precision because the Poetic Edda often alludes vaguely, and the Prose Edda may be influenced by medieval Christian cosmology. The Norse creation myth tells how everything came into existence in the gap between fire and ice, and how the gods shaped the homeworld of humans.

Mythological cosmologies Norse mythology
Silvanus (mythology)

Silvanus was a Roman tutelary deity of woods and fields. As protector of forests (sylvestris deus), he especially presided over plantations and delighted in trees growing wild. He is also described as a god watching over the fields and husbandmen, protecting in particular the boundaries of fields. The similarly named Etruscan deity Selvans may be a borrowing of Silvanus, or not even related in origin.

Roman mythology Roman gods Nature gods
Acis and Galatea (mythology)

For other meanings, see ACIS (disambiguation) In Ovid's Metamorphoses, Acis was the spirit of the Acis River in Sicily, beloved of the nereid, or sea-nymph, Galatea (Γαλάτεια; "she who is milk-white"). Galatea returned the love of Acis, but a jealous suitor, the Sicilian Cyclops Polyphemus, killed him with a boulder. Distraught, Galatea then turned his blood into the river Acis. The Acis River flowed past Akion (Acium) near Mount Etna in Sicily.

Nereids Sea and river gods Nymphs Sicilian characters in Greek mythology
William Blake's mythology

The prophetic books of the English poet and artist William Blake contain a rich invented mythology, in which Blake worked to encode his revolutionary spiritual and political ideas into a prophecy for a new age. This desire to recreate the cosmos is the heart of his work and his psychology. His myths often described the struggle between enlightenment and free love on the one hand, and restrictive education and morals on the other.

William Blake's mythology Artificial mythology

Chang'e or Chang-O (嫦娥), originally known as Heng'e or Heng-O, is the Chinese goddess of the Moon. Unlike many lunar deities in other cultures who personify the Moon, Chang'e only lives on the Moon. As the "woman on the Moon", Chang'e could be considered the Chinese complement to the Western notion of a man in the Moon.

Lunar goddesses Chinese goddesses
Hero and Leander

Hero and Leander is a Byzantine myth, relating the story of Hērō (Greek: Ἡρώ, pron. hay-RAW and like "hero" in English), a priestess of Aphrodite who dwelt in a tower in Sestos on the European side of the Dardanelles, and Leander, a young man from Abydos on the opposite side of the strait. Leander fell in love with Hero and would swim every night across the Hellespont to be with her. Hero would light a lamp at the top of her tower to guide his way.

Greek mythology Ancient Thracian Greeks Greek mythological priestesses

Dark Carnival (Insane Clown Posse)

The Dark Carnival is the mythology of the concept album series used in much of Insane Clown Posse's discography. It is a concept of the afterlife in which souls are sent to a form of limbo while waiting to be sent to Heaven or Hell based on their individual actions. These concepts are related by Insane Clown Posse in a series of albums called the six Joker's Cards. Other artists within the Psychopathic Records label have also contributed to the mythology through various songs and albums.

Fictional concepts of the afterlife Insane Clown Posse Concept album series
Religions of the ancient Near East

The religions of the ancient Near East were mostly polytheistic, with some early examples of primitive monolatry, Ashurism and Monism. Some scholars believe that the similarities between these religions indicate that the religions are related, a belief known as patternism. Especially the Luwian pantheon exerted a strong influence on the ancient Greek religion, while Assyro-Babylonian religion influenced Achaemenid-era Zoroastrianism and Judaism.

Ancient Semitic religions Religion in ancient history Mesopotamian mythology Ancient Near East mythology Middle Eastern mythology
Lludd Llaw Eraint

Lludd Llaw Eraint, "Lludd of the Silver Hand", son of Beli Mawr, is a legendary hero from Welsh mythology. As Nudd Llaw Eraint (the earlier form of his name, cognate of the Irish Nuada Airgetlám, derived from the pre-Roman British god Nodens) he is the father of Gwyn ap Nudd. He is probably the source of king Lud from Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain.

Welsh gods Sea and river gods
Dis Pater

Dis Pater, or Dispater was a Roman god of the underworld, later subsumed by Pluto or Hades. Originally a chthonic god of riches, fertile agricultural land, and underground mineral wealth, he was later commonly equated with the Roman deities Pluto and Orcus, becoming an underworld deity. Dis Pater was commonly shortened to simply Dis. This name has since become an alternative name for the underworld or a part of the underworld, such as the Dis of The Divine Comedy.

Death gods Underworld gods Celtic gods Roman gods Roman underworld
Ino (Greek mythology)

In Greek mythology Ino was a mortal queen of Thebes, who after her death and transfiguration was worshiped as a goddess under her epithet Leucothea, the "white goddess. " Alcman called her "Queen of the Sea" (θαλασσομέδουσα), which, if not hyperbole, would make her a doublet of Amphitrite.

Theban mythology Greek mythology

For the minor planet, see 65489 Ceto.

Greek goddesses Greek mythology Sea and river goddesses Offspring of Gaia
Python (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Python was the earth-dragon of Delphi, always represented in Greek sculpture and vase-paintings as a serpent. He presided at the Delphic oracle, which existed in the cult center for his mother, Gaia, "Earth," Pytho being the place name that was substituted for the earlier Krisa. Hellenes considered the site to be the center of the earth, represented by a stone, the omphalos or navel, which Python guarded.

Greek dragons Delphi Offspring of Gaia
List of valkyrie names

In Norse mythology, a valkyrie (from Old Norse valkyrja "chooser of the slain") is one of a host of female figures who decide who will die in battle. Selecting among half of those who die in battle (the other half go to the goddess Freyja's afterlife field Fólkvangr), the valkyries bring their chosen to the afterlife hall of the slain, Valhalla, ruled over by the god Odin. There, when the einherjar are not preparing for the events of Ragnarök, the valkyries bear them mead.

Lists of names Valkyries Germanic paganism and mythology lists
Olympian gods

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